Photos: The 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests
照片:1989 年天安门广场抗议

The Atlantic  大西洋月刊

From the night of June 3 through the early morning of June 4, 1989, the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) violently cleared Beijing's Tiananmen Square of protesters, ending a six-week demonstration that had called for democracy and widespread political reform. The protests began in April of 1989, gaining support as initial government reactions included concessions. Martial law was declared on May 20, troops were mobilized, and late on June 3 the PLA pushed into Tiananmen Square, crushing some protesters and firing on many others. The exact number killed may never be known, but estimates range from several hundred to several thousand.
从 1989 年 6 月 3 日晚到 6 月 4 日凌晨,中国人民解放军(PLA)暴力清除了北京天安门广场的抗议者,结束了为期六周的呼吁民主和广泛政治改革的示威活动。抗议活动始于 1989 年 4 月,随着政府最初的反应包括让步,抗议得到了支持。5 月 20 日宣布戒严,部队被动员起来,6 月 3 日深夜,解放军进入天安门广场,碾压了一些抗议者,并向许多其他人开火。确切的死亡人数可能永远无法知道,但估计从几百人到几千人不等。

A Chinese man stands alone to block a line of tanks heading east on Beijing's Cangan Boulevard in Tiananmen Square, on on June 5, 1989. The man, calling for an end to violence and bloodshed against pro-democracy demonstrators, was pulled away by bystanders, and the tanks continued on their way. More on this iconic image and the still-anonymous "tank man" here.
1989 年 6 月 5 日,一名中国男子独自一人站在天安门广场东行的长安街上,阻挡了一排坦克。这名男子呼吁停止对支持民主的示威者的暴力和流血事件,随后被旁观者拉走,坦克继续前行。关于这张标志性的图片和仍然匿名的“坦克人”的更多信息,请点击这里。
A student displays a banner with one of the slogans chanted by the crowd of some 200,000 pouring into Tiananmen Square, on April 22, 1989 in Beijing. They were attempting to participate in the funeral ceremony of former Chinese Communist Party leader and liberal reformer Hu Yaobang, during an unauthorized demonstration to mourn his death. His death in April triggered an unprecedented wave of pro-democracy demonstrations.
1989 年 4 月 22 日,北京天安门广场上大约 20 万名涌入广场的人群中,一名学生展示了一条写有他们口号的横幅。他们试图参加前中国共产党领导人和自由改革者胡耀邦的葬礼,进行一场未经授权的示威活动以哀悼他的去世。胡耀邦的去世引发了前所未有的民主示威浪潮。
Thousands of students from local colleges and universities march to Tiananmen Square, Beijing, on May 4, 1989, to demonstrate for government reform.
1989 年 5 月 4 日,北京数千名当地高校和大学的学生游行至天安门广场,要求政府改革。
Students from Beijing University stage a huge demonstration in Tiananmen Square as they start an unlimited hunger strike as the part of mass pro-democracy protest against the Chinese government, on May 18, 1989.
1989 年 5 月 18 日,北京大学的学生在天安门广场举行大规模示威,开始无限期绝食,作为反对中国政府的大规模民主抗议的一部分。
A striking Beijing University student is given first aid by medics at a field hospital in Tiananmen Square, on May 17, 1989, the fourth day of their hunger strike for democracy.
1989 年 5 月 17 日,在天安门广场的一家野战医院里,一名罢课的北京大学生接受医务人员的急救,这是他们为争取民主而进行绝食的第四天。
A truck is almost buried in people as it makes its way through the crowd of thousands gathered in Tiananmen Square in a pro-democracy rally, on May 17, 1989.
1989 年 5 月 17 日,在天安门广场举行的一场支持民主的集会中,一辆卡车几乎被人群掩埋,穿过成千上万聚集的人群。
Unidentified Beijing youths chant as they drive to Tiananmen Square to lend their enthusiastic support to striking university students, on May 19, 1989.
1989 年 5 月 19 日,几名身份不明的北京青年开车前往天安门广场,高喊口号,热情支持罢课的大学生。
Enthusiastic demonstrators are cheered by bystanders as they arrive at Tiananmen Square to show support for the student hunger strike, on May 18, 1989.
1989 年 5 月 18 日,热情的示威者抵达天安门广场,受到旁观者的欢呼,以表示对学生绝食的支持。
Beijing police parade through Tiananmen Square carrying banners in support of striking University students, on May 19, 1989. The students were in the sixth day of their hunger strike for political reform.
1989 年 5 月 19 日,北京警方在天安门广场游行,举着支持罢课大学生的横幅。学生们正在进行第六天的绝食,以呼吁政治改革。
Pro-democracy demonstrators raise their fists and flash the victory sign in Beijing while stopping a military truck filled with soldiers on its way to Tiananmen Square on the day when then Prime Minister Li Peng declared Martial Law, May 20, 1989.
1989 年 5 月 20 日,当时的总理李鹏宣布戒严,当天,北京的支持民主示威者在拦下一辆满载士兵的军用卡车时,举起拳头并做出胜利手势。
An unidentified mother introduces her son to a soldier on an army truck, 8 kilometers west of Tiananmen Square, in Beijing, on May 20, 1989. Citizens had surrounded and stopped the force.
1989 年 5 月 20 日,一位身份不明的母亲在距离天安门广场 8 公里处向她的儿子介绍一名卡车上的士兵。市民们包围并阻止了这支部队。
A military helicopter drops leaflets above Tiananmen Square which state that the student protesters should leave the Square as soon as possible, on May 22, 1989.
1989 年 5 月 22 日,一架军用直升机在天安门广场上空撒传单,要求学生抗议者尽快离开广场。
Workmen try to drape the portrait of Mao Tse-tung in Beijing's Tiananmen Square after it was pelted with paint, on May 23, 1989.
1989 年 5 月 23 日,工人们试图覆盖北京天安门广场上的毛泽东画像,此前该画像被泼上了油漆。
Beijing University students listen as a strike spokesman details plans for a rally in Tiananmen Square, which they have occupied for the last two weeks, on May 28, 1989.
1989 年 5 月 28 日,北京大学学生聆听罢工发言人详细说明他们计划在天安门广场举行集会的计划,他们已经占领了广场两周时间。
A student from an art institute plasters the neck of a "Goddess of Democracy", a 10-meter-tall statue erected in Tiananmen Square on May 30, 1989. The statue was unveiled in front of the Great Hall of the People (right) and the monument to the People's Heroes (center) to promote the pro-democracy protest against the Chinese government. From a statement released by the art students who created the statue: "Today, here in the People's Square, the people's Goddess stands tall and announces to the whole world: A consciousness of democracy has awakened among the Chinese people! The new era has begun!"
1989 年 5 月 30 日,一名来自艺术学院的学生在天安门广场竖立的 10 米高的“民主女神”像的脖子上涂抹石膏。该雕像在人民大会堂(右侧)和人民英雄纪念碑(中央)前揭幕,以支持反对中国政府的亲民主抗议。根据创造该雕像的艺术学生发布的声明:“今天,在人民广场上,人民的女神屹立宣布:民主意识在中国人民中觉醒了!新时代已经开始!”
A plainclothes policeman tells students protesting in front of Beijing police headquarters that their activities violate martial law, on May 30, 1989, in Beijing.
1989 年 5 月 30 日,在北京,一名便衣警察告诉在北京警察总部前抗议的学生,他们的活动违反了戒严法。
Beijing University students put the finishing touches on the Goddess of Democracy in Tiananmen Square, on May 30, 1989.
1989 年 5 月 30 日,北京大学学生在天安门广场对民主女神像进行最后修饰。
A huge crowd gathers to watch as student protestors burn copies of the Beijing Daily in retaliation for anti-student articles in front of the newspaper's offices, on June 2, 1989.
A senior citizen airs her views on democracy in a discussion with striking students, on May 31, 1989 in Tiananmen Square.
1989 年 5 月 31 日,在天安门广场,一位老人在与罢工学生的讨论中发表了她对民主的看法。
A dissident student asks soldiers to go back home as crowds flooded into the central Beijing, on June 3, 1989.
A young woman is caught between civilians and Chinese soldiers, who were trying to remove her from an assembly near the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, on June 3, 1989.
1989 年 6 月 3 日,在北京人民大会堂附近,一名年轻女子被夹在平民和试图将她带离集会的中国士兵之间。
Pro-democracy protesters link arms to hold back angry crowds, preventing them from chasing a retreating group of soldiers near the Great Hall of the People, on June 3, 1989 in Beijing. Protesters were angered by an earlier attack upon students and citizens using tear gas and truncheons. People in the background stand atop buses used as a roadblock.
1989 年 6 月 3 日,在北京的人民大会堂附近,支持民主的抗议者挽起手臂,阻挡愤怒的人群,防止他们追赶一群撤退的士兵。抗议者因早些时候使用催泪瓦斯和警棍袭击学生和市民而愤怒。背景中的人们站在用作路障的公共汽车上。
Exhausted, humiliated soldiers are hustled away by protesters in central Beijing, on June 3, 1989.
疲惫屈辱的士兵被抗议者赶走,1989 年 6 月 3 日,北京市中心。
A huge crowd gathers at a Beijing intersection where residents used a bus as a roadblock to keep troops from advancing toward Tiananmen Square in this June 3, 1989 photo.
在这张 1989 年 6 月 3 日的照片中,一大群人聚集在北京的一个路口,居民们用一辆公共汽车作为路障,阻止部队向天安门广场推进。
People's Liberation Army (PLA) soldiers leap over a barrier on Tiananmen Square on June 4, 1989, during heavy clashes with people and dissident students. The PLA was reportedly under orders to clear the square by 6:00 am, with no exceptions.
An armored personnel carrier, in flames after students set it on fire near Tiananmen Square, on June 4, 1989.
Bodies of dead civilians lie among crushed bicycles near Beijing's Tiananmen Square, on June 4, 1989.
A girl wounded during the clash between the army and students near Tiananmen Square is carried out by a cart, on June 4, 1989.
The driver of an armored personnel carrier that rammed through student lines, injuring many, lies dead after being beaten by students who set his vehicle on fire during an army attack on Tiananmen Square, on June 4, 1989.
A captured tank driver is helped to safety by students as the crowd beats him, on June 4, 1989, in Tiananmen Square.
Civilians hold rocks as they stand on a government armored vehicle near Chang'an Boulevard in Beijing, early on June 4, 1989. Violence escalated between pro-democracy protesters and Chinese troops, leaving hundreds dead overnight.
Taken care by others, an unidentified foreign journalist (2nd from right) is carried away from the clash between the army and students near Tiananmen Square, on June 4, 1989.
A rickshaw driver fiercely pedals wounded people to a nearby hospital, with the help of bystanders, on June 4, 1989. PLA soldiers again fired hundreds of rounds towards angry crowds gathered outside Tiananmen Square at noon.
A handcuffed man is led by Chinese soldiers on a street in Beijing, in June of 1989, as police and soldiers searched for people involved in the April-June pro-democracy protests.
(1 of 2) Three unidentified men flee as a Chinese man, background left, stands alone to block a line of approaching tanks, in Beijing's Tiananmen Square, on June 5, 1989. The man in the background stood his ground and blocked the column of tanks when they came closer, an image captured on film by numerous other photographers and one that ultimately became a widely reproduced symbol of events there.
(2 of 2) A citizen stands passively in front of Chinese tanks in this June 5, 1989, photo taken during the crushing of the Tiananmen Square uprising.
A crowd of Chinese clears a path to give a busload of foreign tourists a view of a dead body of victim of the first night of violence as People's Liberation Army troops shot their way into Tiananmen Square to crush pro-democracy protests, on Monday morning, June 5, 1989.
A truck drives Chinese soldiers down Chang'an Boulevard in Beijing, on June 5, 1989, one day after violence between government troops and pro-democracy protesters left hundreds dead.
Chinese onlookers run away as a soldier threatens them with a gun on June 5, 1989 as tanks took position at Beijing's key intersections next to the diplomatic compound.
A Beijing resident on the west side of Tiananmen Square shows a slug from the automatic rifle fired by the army that went through his flat's window in central Beijing.
People on Chang'an Boulevard in Beijing hold up a photo that they described as dead victims of the violence against pro-democracy protesters on Tiananmen Square, on June 5, 1989.
A Chinese couple on a bicycle take cover beneath an underpass as tanks deploy overhead in eastern Beijing, on June 5, 1989.
Beijing residents inspect the interior of more than 20 armored personnel carriers burned by demonstrators to prevent the troops from moving into Tiananmen Square, on June 4, 1989.
A wall of tanks and APCs greet bicycle commuters near Tiananmen Square, on June 13, 1989, in Beijing.