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Unit One Modern Life
第一单元现代生活

I. Pre-listening Activitie
一、预听活动

Part 1
第 1 部分

Part 2
第 2 部分

ACD

■Script
■剧本

The Web has added plenty of words to our lexicon, although some have yet to make the dictionary. If you had talked about Googling or blogging 10 years ago, you might have had a lot of listeners scratching their heads.
网络在我们的词典中增加了很多单词,尽管有些单词还没有编成词典。如果你在 10 年前谈论过谷歌搜索或博客,你可能会有很多听众挠头。

But like any youngster, the Web still needs to grow. For all its users, most people still go to the Internet primarily for emails. According to Pew surveys, 58 million Americans sent emails each day, while 35 million used the Web to get news.
但就像任何年轻人一样,网络仍然需要成长。对于它的所有用户来说,大多数人仍然主要为了电子邮件而访问互联网。根据皮尤的调查,每天有5800万美国人发送电子邮件,而3500万人使用网络获取新闻。

The Web is changing the way people communicate, Daboll said. He mentioned the “Internet generation,” teenagers who have grown up with the Internet. One of their favorite tools is instant messaging, he said.
达博尔说,网络正在改变人们的交流方式。他提到了“互联网一代”,即与互联网一起成长的青少年。他说,他们最喜欢的工具之一是即时通讯。

A decade from now, who knows what statistics and functions they’ll be measuring. After all, 10 years ago, few people imagined it wouldn’t be long before you’d be able to get a satellite picture of a city a continent away or read the local news from three time zones away or even order pizza without talking to the folks a few blocks away.
十年后,谁知道他们将测量哪些统计数据和功能。毕竟,在10年前,很少有人能想到,用不了多久,你就能够获得一个大陆之外的城市的卫星照片,或者阅读三个时区之外的当地新闻,甚至在不与几个街区外的人交谈的情况下订购披萨。

II. Listening Tasks
二、听力任务

Task 1 Understanding News Reports
任务 1 理解新闻报道

News Item One
新闻项目一

1. C 2. B
1. C 2.B

News Item Two
新闻项目二

1. B 2. D
1. 乙 2.D

News Item Three
新闻项目三

1. B 2.C 3. A
1. 乙 2.丙 3.一个

■Script
■剧本

News Item One
新闻项目一

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 和 2 将基于以下新闻。

Kenyan teachers went on strike and they wanted the government to honor a court decision that required a 50 to 60 percent increase in teachers’ pay.
肯尼亚教师罢工,他们希望政府尊重法院的裁决,要求教师工资增加50%至60%。

Because of the strike, Kenyan students have been out of school since the beginning of the month.
由于罢工,肯尼亚学生自本月初以来一直失学。

The Ministry of Education ordered all public and private schools in the country to close on September 21. Many private schools are ignoring the order, but public schools must obey it. The Ministry gave several reasons for the order.
教育部下令该国所有公立和私立学校于9月21日关闭。许多私立学校无视该命令,但公立学校必须遵守该命令。该部给出了该命令的几个原因。

One is that “little to no” teaching has been taking place during the strike. Another reason is that there is “tension among learners who are left idle.” However, students must continue to prepare for national exams next month.
一是在罢工期间一直在进行“很少甚至没有”的教学。另一个原因是“闲置的学习者之间存在紧张关系”。但是,学生必须继续准备下个月的全国考试。

Teachers and students are waiting for the government and the Kenya National Union of Teachers to agree on wage issues.
教师和学生正在等待政府和肯尼亚全国教师联盟就工资问题达成一致。

Questions:
问题:

1. Why did the Kenyan teachers go on strike?
1. 肯尼亚教师为什么要罢工?

2. What is the reaction of private schools to the order of the Ministry of Education?
2. 私立学校对教育部的命令有何反应?

News Item Two
新闻项目二

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 和 2 将基于以下新闻。

A new public opinion survey shows many Americans are not satisfied with the government’s efforts to fight terrorism. 40% of those asked said they believe terrorists are winning their fight against the United States.
一项新的民意调查显示,许多美国人对政府打击恐怖主义的努力不满意。40%的受访者表示,他们相信恐怖分子正在赢得与美国的斗争。

The study by CNN and the Opinion Research Corporation was released on Monday, weeks after deadly terrorist attacks in Paris and San Bernardino, California.
美国有线电视新闻网(CNN)和舆论研究公司(Opinion Research Corporation)的这项研究于周一发布,几周后,巴黎和加利福尼亚州圣贝纳迪诺发生致命恐怖袭击。

Almost three-quarters of those asked criticized efforts by the administration of President Barack Obama to fight terrorists. In 2007, 61% of those asked were critical of the anti-terror efforts of President George W. Bush. The survey showed 55% of members of the Republican Party believe Islamist militants are winning. 52% of Democrats believe neither side is winning.
近四分之三的受访者批评了巴拉克·奥巴马总统政府打击恐怖分子的努力。2007年,61%的受访者对乔治·W·布什总统的反恐努力持批评态度。调查显示,55%的共和党成员认为伊斯兰激进分子正在获胜。52%的民主党人认为双方都没有获胜。

Almost 60% of Democrats asked said they were not happy with Obama’s efforts. 79% of independents and 86% of Republicans said they were unhappy with the president’s anti-terrorism activities.
近60%的民主党人表示,他们对奥巴马的努力不满意。79%的独立人士和86%的共和党人表示,他们对总统的反恐活动感到不满。

Questions:
问题:

1. When was the study by CNN and the Opinion Research Corporation released?
1. 美国有线电视新闻网(CNN)和舆论研究公司(Opinion Research Corporation)的研究是什么时候发布的?

2. How many Republicans were unhappy with the Obama’s anti-terrorism activities?
2. 有多少共和党人对奥巴马的反恐活动不满意?

News Item Three
新闻项目三

Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 至 3 将基于以下新闻。

Between 1990 and 2000, immigration to the United States increased greatly. The immigrant population increased by 11.3 million to 31.1 million in that decade, according to U.S. Census data.
从1990年到2000年,移民到美国的人数大大增加。根据美国人口普查数据,移民人口在这十年中增加了 1130 万,达到 3110 万。

Many children born to those immigrants are now or will be 18the age Americans are eligible to vote. Any child born in the United States is a U.S. citizen, even if their parents are not in the country legally. They can vote when they reach 18, according to the U.S. Constitution.
这些移民所生的许多孩子现在或将年满18岁,这是美国人有资格投票的年龄。任何在美国出生的孩子都是美国公民,即使他们的父母不合法地在美国。根据美国宪法,他们可以在年满 18 岁时投票。

The effect of that wave of immigration in the United States is significant. For one, more immigrants will be able to vote in 2016 than previous U.S. presidential elections. For another, how immigration policy will be shaped is central to the 2016 presidential race.
美国移民浪潮的影响是巨大的。首先,2016年能够投票的移民人数将超过以往的美国总统选举。另一方面,移民政策将如何制定是2016年总统大选的核心。

Front-running Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump has focused his campaign on harsh speeches about immigrants.
领先的共和党总统候选人唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)将他的竞选活动集中在关于移民的严厉演讲上。

He proposes building a wall along the U.S.-Mexican border to keep illegal immigrants out. He proposes deporting the estimated 11 million undocumented immigrants, though he says he would allow many to return.
他提议在美墨边境修建一堵墙,将非法移民拒之门外。他提议驱逐估计有1100万无证移民,尽管他说他会允许许多人返回。

Questions:
问题:

1. What was the immigrant population in the U.S. in 1990?
1. 1990 年美国的移民人口是多少?

2. What will be the focus of the 2016 presidential race?
2. 2016年总统大选的焦点是什么?

3. Which of the following statements is not proposed by Donald Trump?
3. 以下哪项陈述不是唐纳德·特朗普提出的?

Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
任务 2:理解长时间的对话

Conversation One
对话一

1. C 2. B 3. C 4. D 5. B
1. C 2.乙 3.C 4.D 5.B

Conversation Two
对话二

1. D 2. D 3. A 4. B
1. D 2.D 3.一个 4.B

■Script
■剧本

Conversation One
对话一

M: Cold day, isn’t it, Maggie?
M:天气很冷,不是吗,Maggie?

W: Oh, yes, come in and get warm.
W:哦,是的,进来取暖。

M: What have you been doing?
男:你最近在做什么?

W: Oh, just getting ready for Christmas, you know.
W:噢,刚刚为圣诞节做准备,你知道的。

M: Ah, so have I. I’ve been Christmas shopping. Do you want to see what I’ve bought?
男:啊,我也是。我一直在圣诞购物。你想看看我买了什么吗?

W: Oh, yes. Let me see.
W:哦,是的。让我想想。

M: Right. I’ll show you. Here they are. Now do you think Grandpa will like this? It’s a book. Here it is.
M:对。我给你看。他们来了。现在你觉得爷爷会喜欢这个吗?这是一本书。在这里。

W: Oh, he’ll like that.
W:噢,他会喜欢的。

M: Vegetables and How to Grow Them.
M:蔬菜和如何种植它们。

W: Ah, just the thing, isn’t it?
W:啊,就是这样,不是吗?

M: Now this, this is for Mary. It’s another book. I got them from the same shop. Animals of the World. I talked to her about this particular animal book and I know that she was very interested. Do you think she’ll like it?
男:这是给玛丽的。这是另一本书。我是从同一家商店买的。世界动物。我和她谈起了这本特别的动物书,我知道她很感兴趣。你觉得她会喜欢吗?

W: Yes, I think she will.
W:是的,我想她会的。

M: Good. Now, this one here. This is for Mum.
男:好。现在,这个在这里。这是给妈妈的。

W: Oh, yes. That’s a lovely red scarf
W:哦,是的。那是一条可爱的红色围巾
.

M: It’s of good quality, isn’t it?
M:质量很好,不是吗?

W: Yes, it is.
W:是的。

M: I bought it from Smith’s in the High Street.
M:我是从高街的Smith's买的。

W: I see, yes, it’s a pure wool scarf.
W:我明白了,是的,这是一条纯羊毛围巾。

M: Now this one. I bought this ashtray for Dad. It’s very nice, isn’t it?
M:现在是这个。这个烟灰缸是我给爸爸买的。这很好,不是吗?

W: That’s very nice.
W:那太好了。

M: Now last of all, here’s one that I’m not going to open. Do you know why?
M:最后,这里有一个我不打算打开的。你知道为什么吗?

W: Oh, why not?
W:噢,为什么不呢?

M: Haha! That’s for you.
男:哈哈!这是给你的。

W: Well, Alan, that looks like a very exciting parcel.
W:嗯,艾伦,这看起来是一个非常令人兴奋的包裹。

M: I’ll hide it till Christmas Day.
男:我会把它藏起来,直到圣诞节。

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于您刚刚听到的对话。

1. What present does the man want to give to Grandpa?
1.男人想送给爷爷什么礼物?

2. What is the name of the book which will be given to Mary?
2.要给马利亚的书叫什么名字?

3. Where did the man buy the red scarf?
3. 红围巾是从哪里买的?

4. What is the red scarf made of?
4. 红围巾是用什么做的?

5. What is in the parcel which the man will hide till Christmas Day?
5.这个人要藏到圣诞节的包裹里有什么?

Conversation Two
对话二

M: We’re having a debate on advertising Thursday evening, and I have to take part.
M:周四晚上,我们正在进行一场关于广告的辩论,我必须参加。

W: That’s interesting. I should like to hear what people think about advertising.
W:这很有意思。我想听听人们对广告的看法。

M: We must have advertising, mustn’t we?
M:我们必须有广告,不是吗?

W: Why?
W:为什么?

M: Well, we wouldn’t know what to buy if we didn’t have advertisements.
M:好吧,如果我们没有广告,我们就不知道该买什么。

W: Yes, that’s true, up to a point. Advertisements provide information that we need. If someone has produced a new article, naturally the seller wants to tell us about it.
W:是的,在某种程度上确实如此。广告提供我们需要的信息。如果有人制作了新文章,卖家自然会想告诉我们。

M: Yes, and the advertisements tell us which product is the best.
M:是的,广告告诉我们哪种产品是最好的。

W: Do they? I don’t think so. Every manufacturer says that his product is the best, or at least tries to give the impression. Only one can be the best, so the others are misleading, aren’t they?
W:是吗?我不这么认为。每个制造商都说他的产品是最好的,或者至少试图给人留下印象。只有一个可以是最好的,所以其他的都是误导性的,不是吗?

M: Well, in a way, I suppose, but we don’t have to believe them, do we?
M:嗯,在某种程度上,我想,但我们不必相信他们,不是吗?

W: Are you saying that advertisements aren’t effective? I don’t think that intelligent businessmen would spend millions of dollars on advertising if nobody believes the advertisements, do you?
W:你是说广告没有效果吗?我不认为聪明的商人会在广告上花费数百万美元,如果没有人相信广告,是吗?

M: Perhaps not, but after all, it’s their money that they’re spending.
M:也许不是,但毕竟,他们花的是他们的钱。

W: Is it? I think not. The cost of advertising is added to the price of the article. You and I and all the other people who buy the article pay for the advertising.
W:是吗?我认为不是。广告费用被添加到文章的价格中。你和我以及所有其他购买文章的人都为广告付费。

M: Well, I think you are right, but advertising information is really a necessity in our life.
M:嗯,我认为你是对的,但广告信息确实是我们生活中的必需品。

W: Yes, but don’t forget it’s often misleading information, and sometimes harmful.
W:是的,但别忘了,这往往是误导性的信息,有时甚至是有害的。

M: Harmful?
M:有害吗?

W: What about advertisements designed to persuade young people to smoke cigarettes? Wouldn’t you say they’re harmful?
W:那些旨在劝说年轻人吸烟的广告呢?你不是说它们是有害的吗?

M: You’ve given me a lot to think about. I’m quite looking forward to the debate now!
M:你给了我很多思考。我现在很期待辩论!

Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
问题 1 到 4 基于您刚刚听到的对话。

1. What is the man going to do Thursday evening?
1. 这个人星期四晚上要做什么?

2. What does the man think about advertising information?
2.男方对广告信息有什么看法?

3. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the conversation?
3. 根据对话,以下哪项陈述是不正确的?

4. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?
4. 两位演讲者之间的可能关系是什么?

Task 3 Understanding Passages
任务 3 理解经文

Passage One
第一段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. industry 2. home
1. 工业 2.家

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. D 2. B 3. C 4. C 5. A
1. D 2.乙 3.C 4.C 5.一个

■ Script
■ 剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

Computer is an electronic device used in almost every field even where it is most unexpected. That is why this age is called as the Information Era. We operate washing machines, microwave oven and many other products using software. Moreover, we can store all the information about our important work, appointments schedules and list of contacts.
计算机是一种电子设备,几乎在每个领域都使用,即使是最意想不到的地方。这就是为什么这个时代被称为信息时代。我们使用软件操作洗衣机、微波炉和许多其他产品。此外,我们可以存储有关我们重要工作,约会时间表和联系人列表的所有信息。

Computer has become very important nowadays because it is very much accurate, fast and can accomplish many tasks easily. Diseases can be easily diagnosed with the help of computer. Many machines use computer which allows the doctor to view the different organs of our body, such as lungs, heart and kidneys. There is special software which helps the doctor during the surgery.
如今,计算机变得非常重要,因为它非常准确,快速并且可以轻松完成许多任务。在计算机的帮助下可以很容易地诊断疾病。许多机器使用计算机,使医生能够查看我们身体的不同器官,例如肺,心脏和肾脏。有特殊的软件可以在手术过程中帮助医生。

Communication has become very easy through the Internet and emails. Computers communicate via telephone lines and modems. Through emails we can send messages to anybody in any part of the world in just a second, while if we write a letter then it will reach in some days. The Internet helps us to find information on every topic. It is the easiest and fastest way of research. Computer network makes the users capable of accessing remote programs and databases of same or different organizations.
通过互联网和电子邮件进行交流变得非常容易。计算机通过电话线和调制解调器进行通信。通过电子邮件,我们可以在一秒钟内向世界任何地方的任何人发送消息,而如果我们写一封信,那么它会在几天内到达。互联网帮助我们找到有关每个主题的信息。这是最简单、最快捷的研究方法。计算机网络使用户能够访问相同或不同组织的远程程序和数据库。

So we can say that today the computer is playing a very important role in our lives. Now it is the time when we cannot imagine the world without computers. And this technology is advancing both in industry and home.
因此,我们可以说,今天计算机在我们的生活中扮演着非常重要的角色。现在是我们无法想象没有计算机的世界的时候。这项技术在工业和家庭领域都在进步。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. According to the passage, why is this age called as the Information Era?
1.根据这段话,为什么这个时代被称为信息时代?

2. Why has the computer become very important nowadays?
2. 为什么计算机在今天变得非常重要?

3. How do computers communicate with each other according to the passage?
3.计算机如何根据段落相互通信?

4. According to the passage, what is the easiest and fastest way of research?
4.根据这段话,最简单、最快捷的研究方法是什么?

5. What can users do with computer network?
5. 用户可以使用计算机网络做什么?

Passage Two
第二段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. A2. B
1. 答2.B

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. D2. B3. B4. C5. C
1. D2.B3.B4.C5.C

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

We all love new inventions. They are exciting, amazing and can even change our lives. But have all these developments really improve the quality of our lives?
我们都喜欢新发明。它们令人兴奋,令人惊叹,甚至可以改变我们的生活。但是,所有这些发展真的改善了我们的生活质量吗?

Picture this: You’re rushing to finish your homework on the computer. Your mobile phone rings; a QQ message from your friend appears on the screen; the noise from the television is getting louder and louder. Suddenly the computer goes blank and you lose all your work. Now you have to stay up all night to get it done. How calm and happy do you feel?
想象一下:你正急于在电脑上完成作业。您的手机响了;屏幕上出现来自您朋友的QQ消息;电视机的噪音越来越大。突然间,电脑一片空白,你失去了所有的工作。现在你必须熬夜才能完成它。你感到多么平静和快乐?

Inventions have speeded up our lives so much that they often leave us feeling stressed and tired. Why do you think people who live far away from noisy cities, who have no telephones, no cars, not even any electricity often seem to be happier? Perhaps because they lead simpler lives.
发明大大加快了我们的生活,以至于它们经常让我们感到压力和疲倦。为什么你认为那些远离喧嚣的城市,没有电话,没有汽车,甚至没有电的人往往看起来更快乐?也许是因为他们过着更简单的生活。

One family in the UK went “back in time” to see what life was like without all the inventions we have today. The grandparents, with their daughter, and grandsons Benjamin, 10, and Thomas, 7, spent nine weeks in a 1940’s house. They had no washing machine, microwave, computer or mobile phone.
英国的一个家庭“回到过去”,看看没有我们今天拥有的所有发明的生活会是什么样子。爷爷奶奶和他们的女儿,以及10岁的孙子本杰明和7岁的托马斯,在1940年代的房子里度过了九个星期。他们没有洗衣机、微波炉、电脑或手机。

The grandmother, Lyn, said, “It was hard physically, but not mentally.” She believed life was less materialistic. “The more things you have, the more difficult life becomes,” she said. The boys said they fought less to fight over, such as their computer. Benjamin also noticed that his grandmother had changed from being a “trendy, beer-drinking granny, to one who cooked things”.
祖母林恩(Lyn)说:“身体上很难,但精神上却不难。她相信生活不那么物质化。“你拥有的东西越多,生活就越困难,”她说。男孩们说,他们为了争夺电脑而争吵的次数更少。本杰明还注意到,他的祖母已经从一个“时髦的、喝啤酒的老奶奶,变成了一个做饭的老奶奶”。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. According to the passage, which is not mentioned as an interruption when you do your homework?
1.根据这段话,做作业时没有提到哪个是打断?

2. Why do people living far away from noisy cities often seem to be happier?
2.为什么远离喧嚣城市的人往往看起来更快乐?

3. Why did the family choose to spend some time in a 1940’s house?
3. 为什么一家人选择在 1940 年代的房子里度过一段时间?

4. How many people of the family lived in the 1940’s house?
4. 1940 年代的房子里住着多少人?

5. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
5.根据这段经文,以下哪项陈述是正确的?

Passage Three
第三段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. income worry 2. loneliness
1. 收入担忧 2.孤独

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. C 2. B 3. D 4. A 5. B
1. C 2.乙 3.D 4.一个 5.B

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

While income worry is a rather common problem of the aged, loneliness is another problem that aged parents may face. Of all the reasons that explain their loneliness, a large geographical distance between parents and their children is the major one. This phenomenon is commonly known as “Empty Nest Syndrome”.
虽然收入担忧是老年人普遍面临的问题,但孤独感是年迈父母可能面临的另一个问题。在解释他们孤独的所有原因中,父母和孩子之间的巨大地理距离是主要原因。这种现象通常被称为“空巢综合症”。

In order to seek better chances outside their countries, many young people have gone abroad, leaving their parents behind with no clear idea of when they will return home. Their parents spend countless lonely days and nights, taking care of themselves, in the hope that someday their children will come back to stay with them. The fact that most of these young people have gone to Europeanized or Americanized societies makes it unlikely that they will hold as tightly to the value of duty as they would if they had not left their countries. Whatever the case, it has been noted that the values they hold do not necessarily match what they actually do. This geographical and cultural distance also prevents the grown-up children from providing response in time to their aged parents living by themselves.
为了在国外寻求更好的机会,许多年轻人出国了,留下了他们的父母,他们不知道什么时候才能回家。他们的父母度过了无数个孤独的日日夜夜,照顾自己,希望有一天他们的孩子能回来和他们在一起。事实上,这些年轻人中的大多数都去了欧洲化或美国化的社会,这使得他们不太可能像没有离开自己的国家那样紧紧抓住责任的价值。无论如何,人们已经注意到,他们所持有的价值观并不一定与他们实际所做的事情相符。这种地理和文化距离也使成年子女无法及时向独自生活的年迈父母做出回应。

The situation in which grown-up children live far away from their aged parents has been described as “Distant Parent Phenomenon”, which is common both in developed countries and in developing countries. Our society has not yet been well prepared for “Empty Nest Syndrome”.
成年子女远离年迈父母的情况被描述为“远亲现象”,这在发达国家和发展中国家都很常见。我们的社会还没有为“空巢综合症”做好充分准备。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. According to the passage, what is the major cause of the loneliness of aged parents?
1.根据这段经文,年迈的父母孤独的主要原因是什么?

2. Why have many young people gone abroad, leaving their aged parents behind?
2.为什么很多年轻人出国,抛下年迈的父母?

3. What will happen if young people go abroad?
3. 如果年轻人出国会怎样?

4. What prevents the grown-up children from providing response in time to their aged parents?
4.什么因素阻碍了成年子女及时回应年迈的父母?

5. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
5.根据这段经文,以下哪项陈述是正确的?

IV. Listening Skills for Understanding Paragraphs
四、理解段落的听力技巧

1. D 2. B 3. B 4. B
1. D 2.乙 3.乙 4.B

■Script
■剧本

“Where is the university?” is the question many visitors to Cambridge ask. But no one could point at any one direction because there is no campus. The university consists of 31 self-governing colleges. It has lecture halls, libraries, laboratories, museums and offices throughout the city. Individual colleges choose their own students who have to meet their minimum entrance requirements set by the university. And the graduates usually live and study in their colleges but they are taught in very small groups. Lectures and laboratories and practical work are organized by the university and held in university buildings. There are over ten thousand undergraduates and three thousand five hundred post-graduates. About 40% of them are women and some 8% from overseas. As well as teaching, research is of major importance. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, more than sixty university members have won Nobel prizes. The university has a huge number of buildings for teaching and research. It has more than 60 specialist subject libraries as well as the university library, which as the copy-right library, is entitled to a copy of every book published in Britain. Examinations are set and degrees are awarded by the university. It allowed women to take the university exams in 1881, but it was not until 1948 that they were awarded degrees.
“大学在哪里?”这是许多来剑桥的游客问的问题。但是没有人可以指向任何一个方向,因为没有校园。该大学由 31 所自治学院组成。它在全市设有演讲厅、图书馆、实验室、博物馆和办公室。各个学院选择自己的学生,这些学生必须满足大学规定的最低入学要求。毕业生通常在他们的大学生活和学习,但他们是在非常小的小组中学习的。讲座、实验室和实践工作由大学组织,并在大学建筑内举行。本科生一万余人,研究生三千五百余人。其中约40%为女性,约8%来自海外。除了教学,研究也很重要。自二十世纪初以来,已有六十多位大学成员获得了诺贝尔奖。该大学拥有大量的教学和研究建筑。它拥有 60 多个专业学科图书馆以及大学图书馆,作为版权图书馆,有权获得在英国出版的每本书的副本。考试由大学设置,学位由大学授予。1881 年,它允许女性参加大学考试,但直到 1948 年才被授予学位。

Questions 1 to 4 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 4 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. Why is it difficult for visitors to locate Cambridge University?
1. 为什么游客很难找到剑桥大学?

2. What does the passage tell us about the colleges of Cambridge University?
2.这段经文告诉我们剑桥大学的学院是什么?

3. What can be learnt from the passage about the libraries in Cambridge University?
3. 从关于剑桥大学图书馆的段落中可以学到什么?

4. What does the passage tell about women students in Cambridge University?
4.这段经文对剑桥大学的女学生有什么看法?

Ⅴ. Learn English Through a Radio Program
V.. 通过广播节目学习英语

1. most of the driving2. the GPS guidance system
1. 大部分驾驶 2.GPS制导系统

3. what he once did 4. farmers in the developing world
3. 他曾经做过什么 4.发展中国家的农民

5. use a bottle cap6. method to farmers
5. 使用瓶盖 6.农民的方法

7. not always so cheap8. worked with a farmer
7. 并不总是那么便宜 8.与农民一起工作

9. added better fertilizers10. as a service to his neighbors
9. 添加更好的肥料 10.作为对邻居的服务

■Script
■剧本

. Learn English Through Songs
VI.. 通过歌曲学习英语

1. everyday 2. trouble 3. breaking 4. fear 5. tears
1. 每天 2.麻烦 3.打破 4.恐惧 5.眼泪

■Script
■剧本

Unit 2 What Do You Know About Love?
第二单元 你对爱情了解多少?

I. Pre-listening Activities
一、聆听前活动

Part 1
第 1 部分

Part 2
第 2 部分

1. AGI 2. BDF 3. CEH
1. AGI 2.BDF 3.CEH公司

■Script
■剧本

Love means trusting the person I love. If I love you, I trust that you will accept my caring and my love and that you won’t deliberately hurt me. I trust that you will find me attractive, and that you won’t abandon me; I trust the mutual nature of our love. If we trust each other, we are willing to be open to each other and reveal our true selves.
爱意味着信任我所爱的人。如果我爱你,我相信你会接受我的关心和我的爱,你不会故意伤害我。我相信你会觉得我很有吸引力,你不会抛弃我;我相信我们爱的相互本质。如果我们彼此信任,我们愿意向对方敞开心扉,展现真实的自我。

Love is open. If I love you, I encourage you to reach out and develop other relationships. Although our love for each other and our commitment to each other might prohibit certain actions on our parts, we are not totally and exclusively married to each other. It is a false love that cements one person to another in such a way that he or she is not given room to grow.
爱是敞开的。如果我爱你,我鼓励你伸出援手,发展其他关系。虽然我们对彼此的爱和对彼此的承诺可能会禁止我们采取某些行动,但我们并没有完全和排他性地嫁给对方。这是一种虚假的爱,它以这样一种方式将一个人与另一个人结合在一起,以至于他或她没有成长的空间。

Love is selfish. I can only love you if I genuinely love, value, appreciate, and respect myself. If I am empty, then all I can give you is my emptiness. If I feel that I’m complete and worthwhile in myself, then I’m able to give to you out of my fullness. One of the best ways for me to give you love is by fully enjoying myself with you.
爱是自私的。只有当我真正爱自己、重视自己、欣赏自己和尊重自己时,我才能爱你。如果我是空的,那么我能给你的就是我的空虚。如果我觉得我自己是完整的和有价值的,那么我就能从我的充实中给你。我给你爱的最好方法之一就是和你一起充分享受。

. Listening Tasks
二、听力任务

Task 1 Understanding News Reports
任务 1 理解新闻报道

News Item One
新闻项目一

1. D 2. A
1. D 2.一个

News Item Two
新闻项目二

1. D 2. C
1. D 2.C

News Item Three
新闻项目三

1. B2. B3. D
1. B2.B3.D

■ Script
■ 剧本

News Item One
新闻项目一

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 和 2 将基于以下新闻。

U.S. officials have confirmed that an American woman held hostage in Syria is dead. Twenty-six-year old Kayla Mueller was kidnapped in August of 2013 while doing aid work.
美国官员证实,一名在叙利亚被扣为人质的美国妇女已经死亡。2013年8月,26岁的凯拉·穆勒(Kayla Mueller)在从事援助工作时被绑架。

Islamic State militants claimed Ms. Mueller died in a Jordanian airstrike in the Syrian city of Raqqa. Jordan was targeting Islamic State militants in the attack February 6. The airstrike was in response to the Islamic State’s killing of a Jordanian pilot.
伊斯兰国武装分子声称,穆勒在约旦对叙利亚城市拉卡的空袭中丧生。约旦在2月6日的袭击中瞄准了伊斯兰国武装分子。这次空袭是对伊斯兰国杀害一名约旦飞行员的回应。

However, the U.S. questioned the claims made by the Islamic State that Ms. Mueller died in the airstrike. U.S. officials said there was “no evidence of civilians in the target area.”
然而,美国质疑伊斯兰国关于穆勒在空袭中丧生的说法。美国官员表示,“没有证据表明目标地区有平民”。

Ms. Mueller’s parents wrote in a statement they were “heartbroken” over their daughter’s death. They called her a humanitarian who, in their words, “dedicated the whole of her young life to helping those in need of freedom, justice, and peace.”
穆勒的父母在一份声明中写道,他们对女儿的死感到“心碎”。他们称她为人道主义者,用他们的话说,“她年轻的整个生命都致力于帮助那些需要自由、正义与和平的人”。

Questions:
问题:

1. What is the news report mainly about?
1. 新闻报道主要内容是什么?

2. What do we know about Ms. Mueller according to her parents?
2. 根据穆勒女士的父母的说法,我们对她了解多少?

News Item Two
新闻项目二

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 和 2 将基于以下新闻。

Officials have expanded the search for victims of the AirAsia passenger airplane crash. Searchers believe bodies and plane parts have now spread over a larger area. The jet crashed in the Java Sea on December 28. One hundred and sixty-two people were on the plane.
官员们扩大了对亚航客机失事受害者的搜索。搜索人员认为,尸体和飞机部件现在已经散布在更大的区域。这架喷气式飞机于12月28日在爪哇海坠毁。飞机上有一百六十二人。

Seas were calmer on Monday, but not calm enough underwater to permit divers to bring up more bodies or plane parts. Recovery workers from several countries are involved in the effort to find bodies and wreckage.
周一的海面比较平静,但水下还不够平静,无法让潜水员打捞出更多的尸体或飞机部件。来自几个国家的救援人员正在参与寻找尸体和残骸的工作。

Searchers have now been working for nine days. They have found 37 bodies. Bad weather for most of the last week has slowed the search.
搜索人员现在已经工作了九天。他们发现了37具尸体。上周大部分时间的恶劣天气减缓了搜索速度。

Officials still do not know what caused the plane to crash, although Indonesia’s weather service says weather conditions may have been involved.
官员们仍然不知道是什么原因导致飞机坠毁,尽管印尼气象部门表示可能与天气条件有关。

Questions:
问题:

1. What do we know about the plane crash from the news report?
1. 我们从新闻报道中对飞机失事了解多少?

2. How many bodies have been found according to the news?
2. 根据消息,已经发现了多少具尸体?

News Item Three
新闻项目三

Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 至 3 将基于以下新闻。

U.S. President Barack Obama says he wants to take the U.S. relationship with China “to a new level.”
美国总统奥巴马表示,他希望将美国与中国的关系“提升到一个新的水平”。

Mr. Obama met with Chinese President Xi Jinping in Beijing Tuesday. Mr. Obama said, “When the United States and China are able to work together effectively, the whole world benefits.”
奥巴马周二在北京会见了中国国家主席习近平。奥巴马说,“当美国和中国能够有效合作时,整个世界都会受益。

The two leaders will also hold private talks tomorrow. Their meetings are taking place alongside the Asia-Pacific Economic Summit which China is hosting.
两位领导人明天还将举行私下会谈。他们的会晤与中国主办的亚太经济峰会同时举行。

Delegates to the summit gave partial approval to a China-led free trade zone. China has been pushing for the establishment of a Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific, or FTAAP. The U.S. has proposed a similar free trade area that does not include China.
与会代表部分批准了中国主导的自由贸易区。中国一直在推动建立亚太自由贸易区(FTAAP)。美国也提出了一个类似的自由贸易区,不包括中国。

President Xi called support for the China-led free trade group “historic”.
习主席称对中国领导的自由贸易集团的支持是“历史性的”。

President Obama and Russian President Vladimir Putin have also met briefly in Beijing. They discussed a few world issues on which their governments do not agree.
奥巴马总统和俄罗斯总统弗拉基米尔·普京也在北京短暂会晤。他们讨论了一些两国政府不同意的世界问题。

A U.S. National Security official said the issues included Iran, Syria and Ukraine, but she did not provide additional details. Mr. Putin’s spokesman made similar comments.
一名美国国家安全官员表示,这些问题包括伊朗、叙利亚和乌克兰,但她没有提供更多细节。普京的发言人也发表了类似的评论。

Questions:
问题:

1. What does Barack Obama say about the relationship between China and the U.S.?
1. 奥巴马对中美关系有何看法?

2. Which country is the host country of the Asia-Pacific Economic Summit?
2. 亚太经济峰会主办国是哪个国家?

3. What do we know about the Free Trade Area led by China from the news report?
3. 从新闻报道中,我们对中国领导的自由贸易区了解多少?

Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
任务 2:理解长时间的对话

Conversation One
对话一

1. B 2. C 3. B 4. D 5. C
1. 乙 2.C 3.乙 4.D 5.C

Conversation Two
对话二

1. B 2. C 3. A 4. B
1. 乙 2.C 3.一个 4.B

■Script
■剧本

Conversation One
对话一

M: Betty, what you’re saying really worries me. You haven’t told me about Mark before!
男:贝蒂,你说的话真的让我很担心。你以前没有跟我说过马克的事!

W: Dad, we were just online friends. I didn’t think our relationship was a big deal. I chat with lots of people online.
W:爸爸,我们只是网上的朋友。我不认为我们的关系有什么大不了的。我在网上和很多人聊天。

M: Have you given personal information to any of them?
M:你有没有向他们中的任何一个人提供个人信息?

W: No. Remember? We talked about criminals who use chat rooms to find their victims
W:没有。记得?我们谈到了使用聊天室寻找受害者的犯罪分子
.

M: What if Mark were one of them?
M:如果Mark是其中之一呢?

W: Dad! Mark’s not a criminal…, still, after reading his blog, I’m not sure who he is. In all his emails, Mark’s so easygoing. But on his blog, he seems like a different person.
W:爸爸!马克不是罪犯......,不过,在读完他的博客后,我不确定他是谁。在他所有的电子邮件中,马克都非常随和。但在他的博客上,他似乎是另一个人。

M: Do you mean he seems to have two different personalities?
M:你是说他似乎有两种不同的性格吗?

W: I don’t know…maybe Mark writes on his blog when he feels frustrated. So he comes across as negative.
W: 我不知道...也许马克在感到沮丧时会在他的博客上写道。所以他给人的印象是消极的。

M: Then how do you know who Mark really is? Is he a nice guy, like in his emails? Or is he bitter, like his blog?
M:那你怎么知道马克到底是谁?他是个好人,就像他的电子邮件一样吗?还是他像他的博客一样苦涩?

W: I don’t know, Dad.
W:我不知道,爸爸。

M: I’m not comfortable with you meeting this guy in person.
M:我不愿意你亲自见到这个人。

W: I’m nervous too. It’s just… I really liked Mark — at least, I liked his e-mails.
W:我也很紧张。只是......我真的很喜欢马克——至少,我喜欢他的电子邮件。

M: I think you know the right thing to do.
M:我想你知道该怎么做。

W: Yes. I’ll stop e-mailing him.
W:是的。我不会再给他发电子邮件了。

M: That’s my girl!
男:那是我的女孩!

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于您刚刚听到的对话。

1. Whom do the father and his daughter talk about?
1.父女俩在谈论谁?

2. What’s the relationship between Betty and Mark?
2. 贝蒂和马克是什么关系?

3. How does Betty feel about Mark?
3. 贝蒂对马克有什么感觉?

4. According to the conversation, which of the following statements is NOT true?
4. 根据对话,以下哪项陈述是不正确的?

5. What will Betty do after talking with her father?
5.贝蒂和父亲谈完话后会怎么做?

Conversation Two
对话二

M: Hey, Crystal, I need some advice!
M:嘿,Crystal,我需要一些建议!

W: What’s up, George?
W:怎么了,George?

M: So, there’s a red-headed girl in class and I kind of got a crush on her but...
M:所以,班上有一个红头发的女孩,我有点迷恋她,但是......

W: Oooh!
W:噢!

M: Uuurr! But, I don’t know, you know, how to ask her out. I don’t even know if she knows my name.
男:呜!但是,我不知道,你知道,如何约她出去。我甚至不知道她是否知道我的名字。

W: Ah, come on!
W:啊,来吧!

M: You got any advice?
M:你有什么建议吗?

W: I don’t know. For my personal advice I think you should just go straight forward and say “Hi, my name is George” and give her an appearance.
W:我不知道。就我个人的建议而言,我认为你应该直截了当地说“嗨,我叫乔治”,然后给她一个出场机会。

M: Hold on. I’m gonna write this down.
男:等一下。我要把这个写下来。

W: OK. And next step is “if you are free”. You always have to check if she’s either married, or if she’s a lesbian, or if she is single.
W:好的。下一步是“如果你自由了”。你总是要检查她是否已婚,或者她是否是女同性恋者,或者她是否单身。

M: OK.
男:好的。

W: So, number three is “what you’re looking for”.
W:所以,第三点是“你在寻找什么”。

M: OK, number three.
男:好的,第三点。

W: So, if she is single, just say“hey, how about going out for a cup of coffee or something”?
W:所以,如果她是单身,就说“嘿,出去喝杯咖啡什么的怎么样”?

M: OK, coffee.
M:好的,咖啡。

W: And, that’s how you get her.
W:而且,你就是这样得到她的。

M: Ok, I’ve got it. But do I need to pay for this?
M:好的,我知道了。 但是我需要为此付费吗?

W: I don’t think you should pay on the first date. I think sometimes that can be offensive to women.
W:我不认为你应该在第一次约会时付钱。我认为有时这可能会冒犯女性。

M: Oh, that’s great because I’m totally broke.
M:噢,那太好了,因为我完全破产了。

W: I think you should just ask her casually, not like a date-date, just say“Hey, I would like to know you a little bit more and just go out for a drink”. I think you should take her to the new cafe
W:我觉得你应该随便问她,不要像约会一样,直接说“嘿,我想多认识你一点,出去喝一杯”。我想你应该带她去新咖啡馆
.

M: But I think cafes are boring.
M:但我认为咖啡馆很无聊。

W: Cafes are boring. Men! Women don’t think so.
W:咖啡馆很无聊。男人!女人不这么认为。

M: All right.
男:好的。

Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
问题 1 到 4 基于您刚刚听到的对话。

1. What advice does the man need?
1.男人需要什么建议?

2. What does the woman advise the man to do first?
2.女人建议男人先做什么?

3. Why shouldnt the man pay the bill on the first date according to the woman?
3.为什么男人不应该按照女人的第一次约会来买单?

4. What does the man think of cafes?
4.男人对咖啡馆有什么看法?

Task 3 Understanding Passages
任务 3 理解经文

Passage One
第一段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. Love.
1.爱。

2. Get rid of him or her as soon as possible.
2.尽快摆脱他或她。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. C 2. B 3. B 4. C 5. D
1. C 2.乙 3.乙 4.C 5.D

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

Suppose you have everything: a good job, good health, good reputation, good relationships and lot of money to spend. But still there is something missing from your life. Guess what? The LOVE. It is not something which you should ignore. Life without love is just like body without soul.
假设你拥有一切:一份好工作、身体健康、良好的声誉、良好的人际关系和很多钱可以花。但是你的生活中仍然缺少一些东西。你猜怎么着?爱。这不是你应该忽视的事情。没有爱的生活就像没有灵魂的身体。

Love gives meaning to life as without love life is meaningless. Lucky is the person who gets love and keeps the flames of love burning forever. It is not a matter of days or months. Love is for life and life is for love.
爱赋予生命意义,因为没有爱,生命就没有意义。幸运的人是得到爱,让爱的火焰永远燃烧的人。这不是几天或几个月的问题。爱是为了生活,生活是为了爱。

It is easy to fall in love but difficult to keep the flames of love burning. Before indulging in serious long-term love relationships, be sure that the person you love is also sincere with you. A selfish person can make your life miserable. If this is the case with you then try to get rid of that person as soon as possible.
坠入爱河很容易,但很难让爱情的火焰继续燃烧。在沉迷于认真的长期恋爱关系之前,请确保你爱的人对你也是真诚的。一个自私的人会让你的生活变得悲惨。如果你是这种情况,那么试着尽快摆脱那个人。

In order to make the journey of life more exciting and enjoyable, you need a loving and caring person with whom you can share your values, dreams, fantasies, joys and jokes. In difficult times of anxiety, sorrow, distress or loss of near and dear ones, this person should stand firm beside you and console you in every possible manner.
为了让人生的旅程更加精彩和愉快,你需要一个充满爱心和关怀的人,你可以与他分享你的价值观、梦想、幻想、快乐和笑话。在焦虑、悲伤、痛苦或失去亲人的困难时期,这个人应该坚定地站在你身边,以各种可能的方式安慰你。

Love your life and love the person who is in your life. Keep the flames of love burning to live a great, great love life.
爱你的生活,爱你生命中的人。让爱的火焰燃烧起来,过上伟大的爱情生活。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?
1. 根据这段经文,以下哪项说法是不正确的?

2. What kind of person is lucky, according to the passage?
2.根据这段话,什么样的人是幸运的?

3. What should we do before indulging in serious long-term love relationships?
3.在沉迷于认真的长期恋爱关系之前,我们应该怎么做?

4. According to the passage, what can a lover do in our lives?
4.根据这段经文,爱人在我们的生活中可以做什么?

5. What does the author finally advise us to do?
5.作者最后建议我们做什么?

Passage Two
第二段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. No, it isn’t.
1. 不,不是。

2. Psychologically.
2.心理上。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. B 2. B 3. D 4. A 5. D
1. 乙 2.乙 3.D 4.一个 5.D

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

Why do two people love each other? Why do we need someone to love? Why can’t we love ourselves and exist alone? And what is that chemistry that a couple loves each other? Why both should love each other, and nobody else? Love is truly a mystery.
为什么两个人会相爱?为什么我们需要有人去爱?为什么我们不能爱自己,孤独地存在?一对夫妻相爱的化学反应是什么?为什么两个人都应该彼此相爱,而不是其他人?爱真的是一个谜。

The first reason is of course the passion one feels for the other. Call it hormones, mind, heart, emotions or whatever, one falls in love with another person and cannot live without him or her. Physical beauty is not the sole criteria in romantic passionate love. A very beautiful girl can passionately fall in love with an ordinary-looking man to the surprise of all. There is something more that is yet to be explored. Ask a lover about why he or she loves her beloved and you will never get a logical answer. Love does not measure qualities, nor sets any standards.
第一个原因当然是一个人对另一个人的热情。称之为荷尔蒙、思想、心灵、情感或其他什么,一个人爱上了另一个人,没有他或她就无法生活。外表美并不是浪漫激情爱情的唯一标准。一个非常漂亮的女孩可以热情地爱上一个长相普通的男人,让所有人都感到惊讶。还有更多的东西有待探索。问一个爱人他或她为什么爱她心爱的人,你永远不会得到一个合乎逻辑的答案。爱不衡量品质,也不设定任何标准。

Sometimes the love arises out of appreciation of the other. This love is different from romantic love, but can be equally magnetic. You may get attracted to some persons singing so much that you want to be with him or her all the time. It can be any quality, but it is the appreciation of quality that brings forth this love. In this case the love is passionate love with that quality.
有时,爱源于对对方的欣赏。这种爱不同于浪漫的爱情,但同样具有磁性。你可能会被一些人唱歌所吸引,以至于你想一直和他或她在一起。它可以是任何品质,但正是对品质的欣赏带来了这种爱。在这种情况下,爱是具有这种品质的热情的爱。

In some cases two persons find so many things alike between each other that they believe they are soul mates. Made for each other, these lovers are bound by the common qualities. Whatever may be the reason for falling in love, please fall in love because it is incomparable
在某些情况下,两个人会发现彼此之间有很多相似之处,以至于他们认为他们是灵魂伴侣。这对恋人是为彼此而生的,被共同的品质所束缚。无论坠入爱河的原因是什么,请坠入爱河,因为它是无与伦比的
.

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. According to the first reason, what make us love each other passionately?
1.根据第一个原因,是什么让我们彼此热情地相爱?

2. Which of the following statements about the first reason is TRUE?
2. 以下关于第一个原因的陈述中哪一项是正确的?

3. Why will we never get a logical answer to love?
3.为什么我们永远得不到爱情的合乎逻辑的答案?

4. When will two persons believe they are soul mates?
4.两个人什么时候会相信他们是灵魂伴侣?

5. Why does the author suggest we should fall in love whatever reason for it?
5.为什么作者建议我们应该坠入爱河,无论出于什么原因?

Passage Three
第三段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. This passage is about how to search and give love.
1. 这段话是关于如何寻找和给予爱的。

2. Experiencing the flow of awareness. (Experiencing love.)
2.体验意识的流动。(体验爱。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. C 2. B 3. D 4. C 5. D
1. C 2.乙 3.D 4.C 5.D

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

We search for love and try to get love, and yet it seems like we never get enough. Even when we have found love, it can slip away as time passes.
我們尋找愛,試圖獲得愛,但似乎我們永遠不會得到足夠的。即使我们找到了爱情,它也会随着时间的流逝而溜走。

Love is both simpler and more mysterious than we have imagined. Love is the spacious, open attention of our awareness. The key to experiencing love is to notice where awareness is flowing right now. That flow of awareness is love, and it is the most satisfying and nourishing thing we can experience.
爱情比我们想象的更简单,也更神秘。爱是我们意识的广阔、开放的注意力。体验爱的关键是注意意识现在在哪里流动。这种意识的流动就是爱,它是我们能体验到的最令人满意和最滋养的东西。

When someone else is lovingly aware of us, we can experience the outer expression of their love. We can see the way they are looking at us, the smile on their faces, and the responsiveness of their reactions to us. But the awareness of us is arising in them. The love is flowing from them towards us, and so it is filling them with this sense of satisfaction and joy.
当别人充满爱意地了解我们时,我们可以体验到他们爱的外在表达。我们可以看到他们看着我们的方式,他们脸上的笑容,以及他们对我们的反应的反应。但是我们的意识正在他们身上产生。爱从他们流向我们,因此使他们充满这种满足感和喜悦感。

Obviously it can be easier to open your heart and allow a fuller expression of your own love when the requirements of your conditioning are being met. When someone who matches your ideal for a lover is exhibiting attraction and interest in you, it is often especially easy to give them that same openness and attention in return. So naturally, when two people are falling in love, they are both feeling the fullness and richness of the free flow of awareness.
显然,当你的条件要求得到满足时,更容易敞开心扉,更充分地表达你自己的爱。当一个符合你理想的恋人对你表现出吸引力和兴趣时,通常特别容易给予他们同样的开放和关注作为回报。所以很自然地,当两个人坠入爱河时,他们都感受到了意识自由流动的充实和丰富。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
1.根据这段经文,以下哪项说法是正确的?

2. What is the key to experiencing love?
2.体验爱情的关键是什么?

3. How can we know if someone else is lovingly aware of us?
3.我们怎样知道别人是否爱我们?

4. When is it easier for you to open your heart?
4. 你什么时候更容易敞开心扉?

5. According to the passage, what can the two lovers feel when they are falling in love?
5.根据这段话,两个恋人在坠入爱河时能有什么感受?

IV. Listening Skills for Understanding Paragraphs
四、理解段落的听力技巧

1. B 2. C 3. C 4. A
1. 乙 2.C 3.C 4.一个

■Script
■剧本

In February last year, my wife lost her job. Just as suddenly, the owner of the greenhouse where I worked as manager died at heart attack. His family announced that they were going to close the business because no one in the family wanted to run it. Things looked pretty gloomy. My wife and I read the want ads each day. Then one morning, as I was hanging out the “Going out of Business” sign at the greenhouse, the door opened, and in walked a customer. She was an office manager whose company had just moved into the new office park on the edge of town. She was looking for pots and plants to place in the reception areas in the offices. “I don’t know anything about plants,” she said, “I’m sure in a few weeks they’ll all be dead.” While I was helping her select her purchases, my mind was racing. Perhaps as many as a dozen firms have recently opened offices in the new office park, and there were several hundred more acres with construction underway. That afternoon, I drove out to the office park. By six o’clock that evening, I had signed contracts with seven companies to rent plants from me and pay me a fee to maintain them. Within a week, I had worked out an agreement to lease the greenhouse from the owner’s family. Business is now increasing rapidly, and one day, we hope to be the proud owners of the greenhouse.
去年2月,我的妻子失去了工作。突然之间,我担任经理的温室的主人死于心脏病。他的家人宣布他们将关闭这家公司,因为家里没有人愿意经营它。事情看起来很悲观。我和我的妻子每天都会阅读通缉广告。然后有一天早上,当我在温室里挂上“停业”的牌子时,门开了,一个顾客走了进来。她是一名办公室经理,她的公司刚刚搬进了城镇边缘的新办公园区。她正在寻找花盆和植物,放在办公室的接待区。“我对植物一无所知,”她说,“我敢肯定,几周后它们都会死去。当我帮助她选择购买的商品时,我的脑子在飞速运转。最近,可能有多达十几家公司在新的办公园区开设了办事处,还有数百英亩的土地正在建设中。那天下午,我开车去了办公园区。那天晚上六点钟,我已经和七家公司签订了合同,从我这里租用植物,并付给我维护费用。不到一周,我就达成了一项协议,从业主的家人那里租下了温室。现在业务正在迅速增长,希望有一天,我们能成为温室的骄傲主人。

Questions 1 to 4 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 4 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. What do we learn about the greenhouse?
1. 我们从温室中学到了什么?

2. What was the speaker doing when the customer walked in one morning?
2. 一天早上,当顾客走进来时,演讲者在做什么?

3. What did the speaker think of when serving the office manager?
3. 演讲者在为办公室经理服务时想到了什么?

4. What was the speaker’s hope for the future?
4. 演讲者对未来有什么希望?

Ⅴ. Learn English Through a Radio Program
V.. 通过广播节目学习英语

1. meet new people2. would like to date
1. 结识新朋友 2.想要约会

3. rural farm life4. old-fashioned traditional values
3. 农村农场生活 4.老式的传统价值观

5. the site listed6. would like to return
5. 列出的网站 6.想回来

7. a nonprofit organization8. activities like camping
7. 非营利组织 8.露营等活动

9. raises goats and milk cows10. looking to remarry
9. 饲养山羊和奶牛 10.希望再婚

■Script
■剧本

. Learn English Through Movies
VI.. 通过电影学习英语

1. sweet2. long-lost3. existence4. insisted5. heart
1. 甜 2.久违 3.存在 4.坚持 5.心

6. guy7. amazing8. suppliers9. wine10. parents
6. 家伙 7.惊人 8.供应商 9.葡萄酒 10.父母

■Script
■剧本

Unit 3 Job and Job Satisfaction
第 3 单元 工作和工作满意度

I. Pre-listening Activities
一、聆听前活动

Part 1
第 1 部分

Part 2
第 2 部分

1. a simple thank-you e-mail (or note)
1. 一封简单的感谢电子邮件(或便条)

2. a celebratory lunch or dinner (or meal)
2. 庆祝午餐或晚餐(或餐点)

3. a company-sponsored trip to an industry conference
3. 公司赞助的行业会议之旅

■Script
■剧本

Let’s start off with a simple thank-you e-mail. When a team member completes a task, no matter how small, just send simple thank-you e-mail. At a higher level is a congratulatory e-mail. After your team has successfully completed a project, you can send a note to the team, including your customers, congratulating them on a job well done. Extra effort on the job should always be appreciated and never taken for granted.
让我们从一封简单的感谢电子邮件开始。当团队成员完成一项任务时,无论多么小,只需发送简单的感谢电子邮件即可。更高级别的是一封祝贺电子邮件。在您的团队成功完成项目后,您可以向团队(包括您的客户)发送便条,祝贺他们出色地完成工作。在工作中付出的额外努力应该始终受到赞赏,永远不要被视为理所当然。

A celebratory lunch or dinner is a nice reward as well. It also serves as an opportunity for team building. A celebratory meal, at the company’s expense, can be awarded for work related events, such as a successful completion of a project, a service anniversary, or a year-end party. Other celebratory meals can also be taken for non-company related events such as a birthday, a marriage engagement or a birth of a new child.
庆祝午餐或晚餐也是一个不错的奖励。它也是团队建设的机会。与工作相关的活动可以奖励庆祝餐,费用由公司承担,例如成功完成项目、服务周年纪念日或年终派对。其他庆祝餐也可以用于与公司无关的活动,例如生日、订婚或新生儿出生。

Not usually considered as an incentive, a company-sponsored trip to an industry conference is a nice reward as well. This is a reward in that you can take time away from the office, you can learn about the latest industry trends and practices and also meet people from other companies in your similar line of business. Unlike a standard business trip, there are no long meetings or trip reports to provide.
通常不被视为一种激励措施,公司赞助的行业会议之旅也是一个很好的奖励。这是一种奖励,因为您可以抽出时间离开办公室,了解最新的行业趋势和实践,还可以结识来自您类似业务领域的其他公司的人。与标准的商务旅行不同,没有需要提供长时间的会议或旅行报告。

II. Listening Tasks
二、听力任务

Task 1 Understanding News Reports
任务 1 理解新闻报道

News Item One
新闻项目一

1. B2. D
1. B2.D

News Item Two
新闻项目二

1. C 2. B
1. C 2.B

News Item Three
新闻项目三

1. D 2. B 3. A
1. D 2.乙 3.一个

■ Script
■ 剧本

News Item One
新闻项目一

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 和 2 将基于以下新闻。

For the second time in two years, all eight Ivy League schools have offered admission to a teenager from Nigeria.
两年来,所有八所常春藤盟校都向一名来自尼日利亚的青少年提供了入学机会。

Augusta Uwamanzu-Nna is in her final year at Elmont High School in Long Island, New York. She is at the top of their game, academically speaking. Few Americans are able to get accepted into every one of the Ivy League schools. In addition, the teenager was accepted at four other schools in the United States.
Augusta Uwamanzu-Nna是纽约长岛埃尔蒙特高中的最后一年。从学术上讲,她处于他们的顶端。很少有美国人能够被每所常春藤盟校录取。此外,这名少年还被美国其他四所学校录取。

The 17-year-old has a grade point average of 101.6. In a press release, Uwamanzu-Nna credits her success to the ideals of the town of Elmont, New York, her supportive parents and her teachers.
这位 17 岁的学生的平均绩点为 101.6。在一份新闻稿中,Uwamanzu-Nna将她的成功归功于纽约埃尔蒙特镇的理想,她支持的父母和老师。

She was a finalist in the 2016 Intel Science Talent Search for her research on cement. Researchers say her findings could help prevent underwater oil rigs from breaking apart. She plans to seek a science-related study program in college.
她凭借对水泥的研究入围了 2016 年英特尔科学人才搜索的决赛。研究人员表示,她的发现可能有助于防止水下石油钻井平台破裂。她计划在大学里攻读与科学相关的学习课程。

Uwamanzu-Nna has yet to make a decision on what school she will attend. But with her admission to 12 schools guaranteed, the decision is sure to be a difficult one.
Uwamanzu-Nna尚未决定她将就读哪所学校。但是,由于她被12所学校录取,这个决定肯定是一个艰难的决定。

Questions:
问题:

1. What do we learn about Augusta Uwamanzu-Nna from the news report?
1. 我们从新闻报道中了解到奥古斯塔·乌瓦曼祖-恩纳的什么?

2. What is Uwamanzu-Nna’s plan in college?
2. Uwamanzu-Nna在大学里有什么计划?

News Item Two
新闻项目二

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 和 2 将基于以下新闻。

An explosion caused by fireworks killed more than 100 people at a temple in the southern Indian state of Kerala early Sunday.
周日早些时候,印度南部喀拉拉邦的一座寺庙发生烟花爆炸,造成100多人死亡。

Thousands of people had gathered at the temple near the coastal town of Paravur to watch the fireworks, part of a yearly religious celebration. Officials said some of the fireworks fell on a building where a large number of fireworks were being stored, causing explosions and a fire that spread quickly. Many more people were injured as they ran from the fire.
成千上万的人聚集在沿海城镇帕拉武尔附近的寺庙观看烟花,这是一年一度的宗教庆祝活动的一部分。官员们说,一些烟花落在一栋存放大量烟花的建筑物上,引起爆炸和火势迅速蔓延。更多的人在逃离火场时受伤。

A government official said the temple had not been given permission to hold the fireworks display. Prime Minister Narendra Modi brought a special team of doctors to the area to help those who were injured.
一名政府官员说,该寺庙没有被允许举行烟花汇演。印度总理纳伦德拉·莫迪(Narendra Modi)率领一支特别的医生团队前往该地区,帮助受伤者。

In a Tweet, Modi called the fire “heart-rending and shocking beyond words”. He added, “My thoughts are with the families of the deceased and prayers with the injured.”
在一条推文中,莫迪称这场大火“令人心碎,令人震惊”。他补充说:“我的想法与死者家属同在,与伤者一起祈祷。

Questions:
问题:

1. What caused the explosion according to the news?
1.根据新闻,是什么导致了爆炸?

2. What did the government official say about the explosion?
2. 政府官员对爆炸说了什么?

News Item Three
新闻项目三

Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 至 3 将基于以下新闻。

It used to be that looking for a job meant pounding the pavement, knocking on doors and poring over help-wanted ads. But that’s changing, thanks to the Internet. A news report by Georgetown University’s Center on Education and the Workforce says, for college graduates, looking for a job is getting easier.
过去,找工作意味着在人行道上敲打、敲门和仔细阅读求助广告。但多亏了互联网,这种情况正在改变。乔治城大学教育与劳动力中心的一份新闻报道称,对于大学毕业生来说,找工作变得越来越容易。

The report’s lead author, Tony Carnevale, spoke to VOA, appropriately enough online,via Skype.
该报告的主要作者托尼·卡内维尔(Tony Carnevale)通过Skype在线接受了美国之音的采访。

“More than 80 percent of those jobs that existed, at any point in time, are available online, said Carnevale
“在任何时间点,超过80%的工作都可以在网上找到,”Carnevale说
.

At the height of the recession—when U.S. unemployment peaked at 10 percent, just a little more than two million jobs were being posted each month. But as the recovery takes hold, Carnevale says the job picture looks increasingly bright.
在经济衰退最严重的时候,当美国失业率达到10%的峰值时,每个月只有200多万个工作岗位被公布。但随着经济复苏的稳步推进,Carnevale表示,就业前景看起来越来越光明。

The report’s findings suggest careers in the so-called STEM fields—Science, Technology, Engineering and Math, provide the greatest opportunities with salaries that range from $30 to $45 an hour. But for maximum income and satisfaction, Professor Carnevale says workers must be prepared to move and change jobs at least every five years.
该报告的调查结果表明,所谓的STEM领域(科学,技术,工程和数学)的职业提供了最大的机会,时薪从30美元到45美元不等。但为了获得最大的收入和满意度,Carnevale教授说,工人必须准备好至少每五年搬家和换一次工作。

Questions:
问题:

1. What is the news report mainly about?
1. 新闻报道主要内容是什么?

2. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the news?
2. 根据新闻,以下哪项陈述是正确的?

3. What do the report’s findings suggest?
3. 报告的调查结果表明了什么?

Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
任务 2:理解长时间的对话

Conversation One
对话一

1. B 2. A 3. B 4. D 5. C
1. 乙 2.一个 3.乙 4.D 5.C

Conversation Two
对话二

1. C 2. A 3. D 4. B
1. C 2.一个 3.D 4.B

■Script
■剧本

Conversation One
对话一

W: Good morning, Mr. Brown.
W:早上好,布朗先生。

M: Good morning, Lucy. Our firm’s going to hire a new sales person. Please draft a recruitment ad for me.
男:早上好,露西。我们公司将聘请一名新的销售人员。请为我起草招聘广告。

W: OK, sir. So what’s your requirement for the new staff?
W:好的,先生。那么,您对新员工有什么要求?

M: Well, first of all, I think he or she should be honest and reliable.
M:嗯,首先,我认为他或她应该是诚实和可靠的。

W: Yes, honesty is the essential quality.
W:是的,诚实是基本品质。

M: Besides, he should be easy-going, with active personality, because a qualified sales person should have the ability to deal with personal relationship with others.
M:此外,他应该很随和,性格积极,因为一个合格的销售人员应该有能力处理与他人的个人关系。

W: Exactly. But I think the person should also have eligible educational background.
W:没错。但我认为这个人也应该有合格的教育背景。

M: Oh, yes, of course, college degree is a must. It will be better if the person’s good at computer.
M:哦,是的,当然,大学学位是必须的。如果这个人擅长电脑,那就更好了。

W: I’ve got that.
W:我知道了。

M: Anyway, theory or book knowledge is not the decisive factor. On the other hand, how to deal with tricky problems is more important.
M:不管怎么说,理论或书本知识都不是决定性因素。另一方面,如何处理棘手的问题更为重要。

W: So do you mean practical working experience should take more accounts?
W:所以你的意思是实际工作经验应该更多地考虑吗?

M: Right. The new staff should have at least 3 year full-time working experience.
M:对。新员工应具有至少3年的全职工作经验。

W: I see. Then what kind of salary and benefit are you going to offer?
W:我明白了。那你打算提供什么样的薪水和福利呢?

M: Er…I don’t want to give him a big salary to start with. But we can provide reasonable benefits, like paid vacations and so on.
男:呃......我不想一开始就给他高薪。但我们可以提供合理的福利,比如带薪假期等。

W: It will be a good way. I’ve make notes, and I’ll put the recruitment ad on the newspaper as soon as possible.
W:这将是一个好方法。我已经做了笔记,我会尽快把招聘广告刊登在报纸上。

M: Thanks a lot.
男:非常感谢。

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于您刚刚听到的对话。

1. What did the man ask the woman to do?
1.男人要求女人做什么?

2. Which was NOT the man’s requirement for the new staff?
2. 哪个不是男人对新员工的要求?

3. According to the man, what kind of ability should a sales person have?
3、按照男方的说法,销售人员应该具备什么样的能力?

4. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the conversation?
4. 根据对话,以下哪项陈述是正确的?

5. What kind of salary and benefit will the man offer to the new staff?
5. 该男子会给新员工什么样的薪水和福利?

Conversation Two
对话二

W: Oh, I’m fed up with my job.
W:噢,我受够了我的工作。

M: Hey, there’s a perfect job for you in the paper today. You might be interested.
M:嘿,今天报纸上有一份适合你的工作。您可能会感兴趣。

W: Oh, what is it? What do they want?
W:噢,那是什么?他们想要什么?

M: Wait a minute. Uh, here it is. The European Space Agency is recruiting translators.
男:等一下。呃,就在这里。欧洲航天局正在招聘翻译人员。

W: The European Space Agency?
W:欧洲航天局?

M: Well, that’s what it says. They need an English translator to work from French or German.
M:嗯,就是这么说的。他们需要一名英语翻译才能从法语或德语工作。

W: So they need a degree in French or German, I suppose. Well, I’ve got that. What’s more, I have plenty of experience. What else are they asking for?
W:所以我想他们需要法语或德语学位。好吧,我明白了。更重要的是,我有很多经验。他们还要求什么?

M: Just that. A university degree and three or four years of experience as a translator in a professional environment. They also say the person should have a lively and inquiring mind, effective communication skills and the ability to work individually or as a part of the team.
M:就是这样。大学学位和三到四年的专业翻译经验。他们还说,这个人应该有活泼和好奇的头脑,有效的沟通技巧以及单独工作或作为团队一员的能力。

W: Well, if I stay at my present job much longer, I won’t have any mind or skills left. By the way, what about salary? I just hope it isn’t lower than what I get now.
W:好吧,如果我在我现在的工作上呆得更久,我就没有头脑或技能了。顺便问一下,薪水呢?我只是希望它不会低于我现在得到的。

M: It’s said to be negotiable. It depends on the applicant’s education and experience. In addition to basic salary, there’s a list of extra benefits. Have a look yourself.
M:据说是可以商量的。这取决于申请人的教育和经验。除了基本工资外,还有一系列额外福利。自己看一看。

W: Hum, travel and social security plus relocation expenses are paid. Hey, this isn’t bad. I really want the job.
W:哼哼,差旅费、社保费和搬迁费都付了。嘿,这还不错。我真的很想要这份工作。

Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
问题 1 到 4 基于您刚刚听到的对话。

1. Why is the woman trying to find a new job?
1. 为什么女人要找新工作?

2. What position is being advertised in the paper?
2. 报纸上刊登了什么职位?

3. What are the key factors that determine the salary of the new position?
3、决定新岗位薪酬的关键因素有哪些?

4. What does the woman think about the job offered in the paper?
4. 女方对报纸上提供的工作有什么看法?

Task 3 Understanding Passages
任务 3 理解经文

Passage One
第一段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. job 2. career
1. 工作 2.生涯

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. C 2. B 3. A 4. D 5. D
1. C 2.乙 3.一个 4.D 5.D

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

To look for a job or to prepare for a career is the most important thing in your life, because that will keep you busy for the best time of your life. There is a difference between a job and a career. For instance, if you made a decision during your High School years that you are going to study to become an accountant, then that will be your career.
找工作或为职业做准备是你生命中最重要的事情,因为这会让你在一生中最美好的时光里忙碌起来。工作和职业是有区别的。例如,如果你在高中期间决定要学习成为一名会计师,那么这将是你的职业。

Some people without a university degree will just go to apply for a job, and will be happy to get appointed somewhere especially during the difficult financial circumstances. When you are lucky to get a job, you will feel very happy. The opposite is also true in cases where the circumstances and the type of job do not suit you.
一些没有大学学位的人只会去申请工作,并且会很乐意在某个地方被任命,尤其是在经济困难的情况下。当你幸运地找到一份工作时,你会感到非常高兴。在环境和工作类型不适合您的情况下,情况也恰恰相反。

So there are many people who are unhappy in their jobs, but is unable to move to another one, because they do get a salary, but it is very difficult to get an appointment somewhere, as a result of the worldwide recession. On the other hand, the person with a university degree, with subjects to be used in a career, for instance as an accountant, could be very happy, as that is what he has dreamed of. During the past years before the recession, because of a shortage of jobs in South Africa, people had to move out to other countries to obtain jobs in order to make a living. Now it is more difficult to do that because other countries experience the same economic problems as South Africa.
因此,有很多人对自己的工作不满意,但无法换一份工作,因为他们确实有薪水,但由于全球经济衰退,很难在某个地方找到约会。另一方面,拥有大学学位的人,在职业生涯中使用的科目,例如会计师,可能会非常高兴,因为这是他梦寐以求的。在经济衰退前的过去几年里,由于南非的工作岗位短缺,人们不得不搬到其他国家寻找工作以谋生。现在要做到这一点更加困难,因为其他国家也面临着与南非相同的经济问题。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. Why is looking for a job the most important thing in your life?
1. 为什么找工作是你生命中最重要的事情?

2. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
2.根据这段经文,以下哪项陈述是正确的?

3. For what reason is it very difficult to find a new job according to the passage?
3.根据经文,找新工作非常困难的原因是什么?

4. What did the example of the job as an accountant serve as in the passage?
4.这段经文中关于会计工作的例子是什么?

5. What did the people in South Africa do because of a shortage of jobs?
5. 由于工作短缺,南非人做了什么?

Passage Two
第二段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. A “1” career suggests you feel totally miserable about your career.
1. “1”职业表明你对自己的职业感到非常痛苦。

2. Two.
2. 二.

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. C 2. A 3. C 4. A 5. D
1. C 2.一个 3.C 4.一个 5.D

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

On a level of 1 to 10, with “10” being very happy and “1” being totally miserable, how happy and excited are you with your job or career? Are you excited when you wake up to go to work?
在 1 到 10 的层面上,“10”表示非常快乐,“1”表示完全痛苦,您对自己的工作或职业有多满意和兴奋?当你醒来去上班时,你兴奋吗?

A “10” career is something that generates enthusiasm and excitement. It engages not just your head but, more importantly, your heart. A “10” career connects us with ourselves and with other human beings at the “heart” level. A “10” career creates a legacy that benefits others.
“10”职业是产生热情和兴奋的东西。它不仅涉及您的头脑,更重要的是涉及您的心脏。“10”职业将我们与自己以及“心灵”层面的其他人联系起来。“10”职业创造了有益于他人的遗产。

Most people are not ready to embark on this quest to find and pursue their dream career because it is out of their comfort zone and requires making changes in their lives. We can’t make the necessary life changes to get to a “10” career if we don’t have the faith and desire to make it a reality.
大多数人还没有准备好开始寻找和追求他们梦想的职业,因为这超出了他们的舒适区,需要改变他们的生活。如果我们没有信心和愿望让它成为现实,我们就无法做出必要的生活改变来获得“10”职业。

If you haven’t yet found your true purpose, then simply a desire for something better can help you take the first step to discover who you really are. If you take the first step, the forward progress that comes from your doing so often will give you the courage to take the next step.
如果你还没有找到你的真正目标,那么仅仅对更好事物的渴望就可以帮助你迈出第一步,发现你真正是谁。如果你迈出了第一步,那么你经常这样做所带来的进步会让你有勇气迈出下一步。

There are two biggest obstacles that block people from doing something they really enjoy. First, they don’t have a clue about the unique value they can contribute to the marketplace. Second, they’ve never learned how to get clear on and go after what they truly want.
有两个最大的障碍阻碍人们做他们真正喜欢的事情。首先,他们不知道自己可以为市场贡献的独特价值。其次,他们从未学会如何明确并追求他们真正想要的东西。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. Which of the following statements is NOT true about a “10” career?
1. 关于“10”职业,以下哪项陈述是不正确的?

2. What can a “10” career do for you?
2. “10”职业能为你做什么?

3. What will happen if people pursue their dream career according to the passage?
3.如果人们按照这段话追求自己的梦想职业,会发生什么?

4. How can you find your true purpose?
4.你怎样才能找到你的真正目的?

5. What are the obstacles that block people from doing something they enjoy?
5.阻碍人们做自己喜欢的事情的障碍是什么?

Passage Three
第三段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. Americans hate their jobs more than ever before in the past 20 years.
1. 在过去的 20 年里,美国人比以往任何时候都更讨厌他们的工作。

2. The passage is about job dissatisfaction.
2. 这段话是关于工作的不满。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. C 2. A 3. C 4. D 5. C
1. C 2.一个 3.C 4.D 5.C

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

Americans hate their jobs more than ever before in the past 20 years, with fewer than half saying they are satisfied. The trend is the strongest among workers under the age of 25, less than 39 percent of whom are satisfied with their jobs. Workers aged 45 to 54 have the second lowest level of satisfaction, according to a survey conducted by a market information company. Older people like their jobs more. Nearly half of all workers over 55 are satisfied with their employment situation. Overall, dissatisfaction has spread among all workers, regardless of age, income or residence. Twenty years ago, the first time the survey was conducted, 61 percent of all Americans said they were satisfied with their jobs.
在过去的20年里,美国人比以往任何时候都更讨厌他们的工作,只有不到一半的人表示他们感到满意。这一趋势在25岁以下的工人中最为强烈,其中只有不到39%的人对自己的工作感到满意。根据一家市场信息公司进行的一项调查,45 至 54 岁的工人的满意度排名第二。老年人更喜欢他们的工作。在55岁以上的工人中,近一半对自己的就业状况感到满意。总体而言,不满情绪已经蔓延到所有工人中,无论年龄、收入或居住地如何。二十年前,第一次进行调查时,61%的美国人表示他们对自己的工作感到满意。

Money rarely buys happiness but it can buy job satisfaction. People making under $15,000 per year reported the lowest satisfaction while those making more than $50,000 per year said they were the most satisfied.
金钱很少能买到幸福,但它可以买到工作满意度。年收入低于 15,000 美元的人表示满意度最低,而年收入超过 50,000 美元的人表示他们最满意。

People living in New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania are the most dissatisfied, with less than 41% percent say they are satisfied with their current job, and people living in Montana, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, and New Mexico were most likely to whistle while they work (56 percent reported being satisfied).
居住在纽约州、新泽西州和宾夕法尼亚州的人最不满意,只有不到41%的人表示他们对目前的工作感到满意,而居住在蒙大拿州、爱达荷州、内华达州、犹他州和新墨西哥州的人最有可能在工作时吹口哨(56%的人表示满意)。

The thing that bugged most workers the most about their jobs were bonus plans and promotion policies. Workload and potential for growth were rated poorly also.
最让大多数工人感到困扰的是奖金计划和晋升政策。工作量和增长潜力也被评为差。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. Who has the second lowest level of satisfaction according to the survey?
1. 根据调查,谁的满意度第二低?

2. Which is one of the factors that affect people’s job satisfaction?
2. 影响人们工作满意度的因素之一是什么?

3. Who were the most satisfied with their jobs according to the passage?
3.根据这段经文,谁对自己的工作最满意?

4. Where do the people who are satisfied with their jobs live?
4. 对工作满意的人住在哪里?

5. What bugged the workers most?
5. 什么最让工人烦恼?

IV. Listening Skills for Understanding Paragraphs
四、理解段落的听力技巧

1. B 2. D 3. B 4. D
1. 乙 2.D 3.乙 4.D

■Script
■剧本

Chris is in charge of purchasing and maintaining equipment in his division at Taxlong Company. He is soon going to have an evaluation interview with his supervisor and the personnel director to discuss the work he has done in the past year. Salary, promotion and plans for the coming year will also be discussed at the meeting. Chris has made several changes for his division in the past year. First, he bought new equipment for one of the departments. He has been particularly happy about the new equipment because many of the employees have told him how much it has helped them. Along with improving the equipment, Chris began a program to train employees to use equipment better and do simple maintenance themselves. The training saved time for the employees and money for the company. Unfortunately, one serious problem developed during the year. Two employees that Chris hired were stealing, and he had to fire them. Chris knows that a new job for a purchasing and maintenance manager for the whole company will be open in a few months, and he would like to be promoted to the job. Chris knows, however, that someone else wants that new job, too. Kim is in charge of purchasing and maintenance in another division of the company. She has also made several changes over the year. Chris knows that his boss likes Kim’s work, and he expects that his work will be compared with hers.
Chris在Taxlong Company负责其部门的设备采购和维护。他很快将与他的主管和人事总监进行评估面谈,讨论他在过去一年中所做的工作。会议还将讨论来年的薪酬、晋升和计划。在过去的一年里,克里斯为他的部门做出了一些改变。首先,他为其中一个部门购买了新设备。他对新设备特别满意,因为许多员工告诉他,新设备对他们的帮助有多大。除了改进设备外,Chris还启动了一项计划,培训员工更好地使用设备并自己进行简单的维护。培训为员工节省了时间,为公司节省了资金。不幸的是,在这一年中出现了一个严重的问题。克里斯雇用的两名员工正在偷窃,他不得不解雇他们。Chris知道,几个月后,整个公司的采购和维护经理的新职位将空缺,他希望晋升为这份工作。然而,克里斯知道,其他人也想要这份新工作。Kim在公司的另一个部门负责采购和维护。在过去的一年里,她还做出了一些改变。Chris知道他的老板喜欢Kim的工作,他希望自己的工作能与她的工作进行比较。

Questions 1 to 4 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 4 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. What is Chris’s main responsibility at Taxlong Company?
1. Chris在Taxlong Company的主要职责是什么?

2. What problem did Chris encounter in his division?
2. 克里斯在他的部门遇到了什么问题?

3. What does Chris hope for in the near future?
3. 克里斯在不久的将来希望什么?

4. What do we learn about Kim from the passage?
4.我们从这段经文中学到什么关于金的事?

. Learn English Through a Radio Program
V.. 通过广播节目学习英语

1. their satisfaction with issues2. comment on the findings
1. 他们对问题的满意度 2.对调查结果的评论

3. guidance they received4. took part in the study
3. 他们得到的指导 4.参加了研究

5. the least satisfaction6. during the past year
5. 最不满意 6.在过去的一年里

7. studying engineering and natural sciences8. well-paid in places
7. 学习工程和自然科学 8.在一些地方高薪

9. less than men10. in lower positions
9. 少于男性 10.在较低的位置

■Script
■剧本

. Learn English Through Movies
VI.. 通过电影学习英语

1. dressed2. admire3. painting4. determined5. business
1. 着装 2.欣赏 3.绘画 4.决心 5.商

6. apparently7. tie8. type9. fair10. interview
6. 显然 7.领带 8.键入 9。公平 10.面试

■Script
■剧本

Unit 4 Parents and Children
第四单元 父母和孩子

I. Pre-listening Activities
一、聆听前活动

Part 1
第 1 部分

Part 2
第 2 部分

1.BEG 2. AC 3. DF
1.乞求 2.交流电 3.测向

■Script
■剧本

Living as unwed partners is also known as cohabitation. The number of heterosexual unmarried couples in the United States has increased tenfold. The cohabitation lifestyle is becoming more popular in today’s generation. It is more convenient for couples not to get married because it can be cheaper and simpler. As divorce rates rise in society, the desire to get married is less attractive for couples uncertain of their long-term plans.
作为未婚伴侣生活也称为同居。美国的异性恋未婚夫妇数量增加了十倍。同居生活方式在当今这一代人中变得越来越流行。夫妻不结婚更方便,因为它可以更便宜、更简单。随着社会离婚率的上升,对于不确定长期计划的夫妻来说,结婚的愿望越来越不大。

Same-sex parents are gay or lesbian couples that choose to raise children. Nationally, 66% of female same-sex couples and 44% of male same-sex couples live with children under 18 years old. Children with same-sex parents usually deal with discrimination by their peers.
同性父母是选择抚养孩子的同性恋夫妇。在全国范围内,66%的女性同性伴侣和44%的男性同性伴侣与18岁以下的孩子住在一起。有同性父母的孩子通常会受到同龄人的歧视。

Single-parent homes in America are starting to become more common in today’s society. With more children being born to unmarried couples and to couples whose marriages subsequently dissolve, children increasingly live with only one parent. The proportion of children living with a never-married parent has also grown. Of all one parent families, 83% are mother — child families.
美国的单亲家庭在当今社会开始变得越来越普遍。随着越来越多的孩子出生于未婚夫妇和随后婚姻解除的夫妇,儿童越来越多地与父母一方生活在一起。与未婚父母一起生活的儿童比例也有所增加。在所有单亲家庭中,83%是母子家庭。

II. Listening Tasks
二、听力任务

Task 1 Understanding News Reports
任务 1 理解新闻报道

News Item One
新闻项目一

1. A2. D
1. 答2.D

News Item Two
新闻项目二

1. B 2. C
1. 乙 2.C

News Item Three
新闻项目三

1. C 2. D 3. D
1. C 2.D 3.D

■ Script
■ 剧本

News Item One
新闻项目一

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 和 2 将基于以下新闻。

In the old days, when schools wanted to communicate with parents, they sent a letter home. Now, in addition to email, schools and parents can connect through social media like Twitter, Facebook, Tumblr and Skype.
在过去,当学校想要与家长沟通时,他们会寄一封信回家。现在,除了电子邮件,学校和家长还可以通过Twitter、Facebook、Tumblr和Skype等社交媒体进行联系。

The Houston Independent School District in Texas has more than two hundred thousand students. Most of them come from lower-income families. Education Week recently reported on a digital literacy training program that the district has just started for parents.
德克萨斯州的休斯顿独立学区有超过二十万名学生。他们中的大多数来自低收入家庭。《教育周刊》最近报道了该学区刚刚开始的针对家长的数字素养培训计划。

The school district with help from Microsoft has established computer training centers for parents at five of its campuses. Other schools around the country are also increasing their digital services and not just in English. Many schools provide information in Spanish and other languages. Free online translation sites can also help parents stay informed about their childrens education. Some school systems also give parents online access to their childrens grades and school work.
在Microsoft的帮助下,该学区在其五个校区为家长建立了计算机培训中心。全国其他学校也在增加他们的数字服务,而不仅仅是英语。许多学校提供西班牙语和其他语言的信息。免费的在线翻译网站还可以帮助父母随时了解孩子的教育情况。一些学校系统还允许家长在线访问孩子的成绩和学校作业。

Questions:
问题:

1. Which of the following is not a popular way of communication between schools and parents at present?
1. 以下哪项不是目前学校与家长之间流行的沟通方式?

2. What do we learn about the digital literacy training program from the news report?
2. 我们从新闻报道中了解到哪些关于数字素养培训计划的信息?

News Item Two
新闻项目二

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 和 2 将基于以下新闻。

Experts estimate that by the end of the century, half of the 6,000 languages spoken on our planet will have disappeared. The specialist Anahit Minasyan says a language needs speakers, preferably people who speak it as their mothertongue or first language. But she says a language at least needs people who can speak it as their second language. If they are tiny, she says, a language is extinct.
专家估计,到本世纪末,地球上使用的6000种语言中有一半将消失。专家阿纳希特·米纳西扬(Anahit Minasyan)说,一种语言需要说话者,最好是以母语或第一语言为母语的人。但她说,一种语言至少需要能够将其作为第二语言的人。她说,如果它们很小,一种语言就灭绝了。

She says languages can die as a result of an increasingly globalized world. “People in Africa switch to a language or they raise their children in a language which they think will provide for a better economic opportunity in the future.” Mrs. Minasyan says in Africa, for example, people often switch to larger African languages—not necessarily to English or French. Instead, people might switch to Swahili or wolof. These are more speakers and provide more economic opportunities than their mother tongues.
她说,由于世界日益全球化,语言可能会消亡。“非洲人改用一种语言,或者用一种他们认为将来会提供更好的经济机会的语言抚养孩子。 姆纳西扬夫人说,例如,在非洲,人们经常改用更大的非洲语言,不一定是英语或法语。相反,人们可能会改用斯瓦希里语或沃洛夫语。这些人比他们的母语说得更多,提供更多的经济机会。

Socio-linguist Komlan Essizewa says, “As a linguist, we have to be very worried about it. Because today, even when people move back to their village, they don’t use the language of the village as it is.”
社会语言学家Komlan Essizewa说:“作为一名语言学家,我们必须非常担心它。因为今天,即使人们搬回他们的村庄,他们也不会像现在这样使用村庄的语言。

Questions:
问题:

1. Whats the news report mainly about?
1. 新闻报道主要内容是什么?

2. Why do Africans raise children in another language rather than their mother tongue?
2. 为什么非洲人用另一种语言而不是母语抚养孩子?

News Item Three
新闻项目三

Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 至 3 将基于以下新闻。

UNICEF praising Ethiopia for reaching one of the Millennium Development Goals on child survival. UNICEF officials say Ethiopia has reduced its number of child death by more than two-thirds. Between 1990 and 2012, the country reported a 67 percent drop in the number of children dying before the age of five. Ethiopia’s Minister of Health Kesetebirhan Admasu welcomed the good news, but he admitted that even with the improvement Ethiopia is considered a high-mortality country.
儿童基金会赞扬埃塞俄比亚实现了关于儿童生存的千年发展目标之一。联合国儿童基金会官员说,埃塞俄比亚的儿童死亡人数减少了三分之二以上。从1990年到2012年,该国报告的五岁以下儿童死亡人数下降了67%。埃塞俄比亚卫生部长Kesetebirhan Admasu对这一好消息表示欢迎,但他承认,即使情况有所改善,埃塞俄比亚也被认为是一个高死亡率国家。

Diarrhea, pneumonia and malaria are the leading causes of death among young children in Ethiopia. In 1990, the country’s death rate for children under five was one of the highest in the world. It was 204 death for every 1,000 births. The rate is now at 68 per 1,000. This means that hundreds of thousands of Ethiopian children who might have died in earlier years now reach their fifth birthday.
腹泻、肺炎和疟疾是埃塞俄比亚幼儿死亡的主要原因。1990年,该国五岁以下儿童的死亡率是世界上最高的国家之一。每1000名新生儿中有204人死亡。现在的比率是每1000人中有68人。这意味着数十万可能在早些年死亡的埃塞俄比亚儿童现在已经过了五岁生日。

One of the reasons for Ethiopia’s success is its Health Extension Program. Because of it, 38,000 people were employed to bring health care services to a large part of the rural population.
埃塞俄比亚成功的原因之一是其健康推广计划。正因为如此,雇用了38,000人为大部分农村人口提供医疗保健服务。

Questions:
问题:

1. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the news?
1. 根据新闻,以下哪项陈述是正确的?

2. Which of the following is not a leading cause of death for children in Ethiopia?
2. 以下哪项不是埃塞俄比亚儿童死亡的主要原因?

3. How many people were employed to provide health care services in rural areas?
3. 有多少人受雇在农村地区提供医疗保健服务?

Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
任务 2:理解长时间的对话

Conversation One
对话一

1. D 2. B 3. A 4. C 5. A
1. D 2.乙 3.一个 4.C 5.一个

Conversation Two
对话二

1. D 2. D 3. B 4. B
1. D 2.D 3.乙 4.B

■Script
■剧本

Conversation One
对话一

M: Do you think young people are given too much freedom nowadays, and as a result, they’ve lost respect to their parents and their elders generally?
M:你认为现在的年轻人被赋予了太多的自由,结果,他们失去了对父母和长辈的尊重吗?

W: I don’t think so. My parents never interfered with my plans too much. They advised me but never forced me to do anything I didn’t want to do. I was allowed to take up the career I wanted. I think I respect and love them more for this.
W:我不这么认为。我的父母从不过多地干涉我的计划。他们劝我,但从不强迫我做任何我不想做的事情。我被允许从事我想要的职业。我想我因此更加尊重和爱他们。

M: Are you quite independent of them now?
M:你现在完全独立于他们了吗?

W: Yes. As soon as I left school and started my studies as a nurse I became independent financially. I have a government grant which is enough for my keep. But I still stay with them a lot, as you know.
W:是的。当我离开学校并开始学习护士时,我在经济上变得独立。我有政府补助金,足够我保留。但如你所知,我仍然经常和他们在一起。

M: You seem very close to your parents.
M:你看起来和你的父母很亲近。

W: I am. I know that many young people today say they have nothing in common with their parents but I’m rather lucky because I get on very well with mine. What about you?
W:是的。我知道今天很多年轻人说他们和父母没有任何共同之处,但我很幸运,因为我和父母相处得很好。你呢?

M: Well, we value family life very much in my country. I’m very fond of my family, but I don’t always get on very well with them. They try to control me too much.
M:嗯,在我的国家,我们非常重视家庭生活。我非常喜欢我的家人,但我并不总是和他们相处得很好。他们试图控制我太多。

W: But they allow you to come to study in England on your own!
W:但是他们允许你自己来英国学习!

M: Yes, but only after a lot of persuasion! Your parents treat you as an adult; mine treat me as a child.
M:是的,但要经过一番劝说!你的父母把你当成人对待;我把我当成孩子。

W: As I said, I’m lucky. Some English parents are like yours. They interfere too much and they’re out of sympathy with our generation.
W:正如我所说,我很幸运。有些英国父母和你一样。他们干涉太多了,他们出于对我们这一代人的同情。

M: That’s really a problem.
M:这确实是个问题。

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于您刚刚听到的对话。

1. What attitude do young people have towards their parents according to the man?
1.根据男人的说法,年轻人对父母有什么态度?

2. According to the woman, why does she respect her parents?
2.据女方说,她为什么孝敬父母?

3. What happened when the woman began to study nursing?
3. 当这位女士开始学习护理时发生了什么?

4. What attitude did the man’s parents have towards his studying abroad?
4. 该男子的父母对他出国留学持什么态度?

5. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the conversation?
5. 根据对话,以下哪项陈述是正确的?

Conversation Two
对话二

W: Have your parents retired?
W:你的父母退休了吗?

M: Yes, they have. But they have found another job and are still working.
M:是的,他们有。但他们已经找到了另一份工作,并且仍在工作。

W: Are they worrying about money?
W:他们担心钱吗?

M: Money is part of the reason. They also want to keep physically and mentally active.
M:钱是部分原因。他们还希望保持身体和精神上的活跃。

W: My parents worry their less income after retirement will increase our burden.
W:我的父母担心他们退休后收入减少会增加我们的负担。

M: Are you and your husband only-child?
男:你和你丈夫是独生子吗?

W: Yes, we are.
W:是的,我们是。

M: Thatll be tough for you to take care of four parents when they are old.
M:你要照顾四个年老的父母会很困难。

W: Yes, Im worrying about it.
W:是的,我很担心。

M: You need a lot of extra time and energy then.
M:那你需要很多额外的时间和精力。

W: News says three out of ten Chinese will be seniors by the year 2050. I believe most of the burden has to be shouldered by their only child.
W:有消息称,到2050年,十分之三的中国人将成为老年人。我相信大部分的负担必须由他们唯一的孩子来承担。

M: Thats true. But it just reminds me it may be a nice business opportunity in the future to set up more care centers for elderly people.
男:没错。但它只是提醒我,未来为老年人建立更多的护理中心可能是一个很好的商机。

W: Our neighborhood is lack of a fully-equipped senior care center.
W:我们的社区缺乏设备齐全的老年护理中心。

M: Recreation center for seniors can help the elderly people get rid of loneliness after retirement.
男:老年人娱乐中心可以帮助老年人摆脱退休后的孤独感。

W: We should make earlier investment for our old age.
W:我们应该为我们的晚年进行早期投资。

M: I hope the security and welfares for the aged will be improved in the near future.
男:我希望在不久的将来,老年人的安全和福利会得到改善。

W: I dont think supporting the seniors is only the governments duty.
W:我不认为支持老年人只是政府的职责。

M: Yes, we need to save for the rainy days, and make financial planning for ourselves.
男:是的,我们需要存钱以备不时之需,并为自己制定财务规划。

Questions 1 to 4 will be based on the following conversation
问题 1 至 4 将基于以下对话
.

1. Why do the mans parents go to work after retirement?
1、为什么老爷子父母退休后还要上班?

2. According to the conversation, which of the following is not a problem for the only child when their parents get old?
2.根据对话,以下哪项对独生子女父母年老后不是问题?

3. What is the percentage of senior people in China by the year 2050?
3. 到2050年,中国老年人口的比例是多少?

4. What does the man think of the problem of a large senior population?
4.该男子如何看待老年人口众多的问题?

Task 3 Understanding Passages
任务 3 理解经文

Passage One
第一段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. His father is special and very understanding.
1.他的父亲很特别,非常善解人意。

2. In the same way his dad raised him.
2. 以同样的方式抚养他。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. C 2. D 3. D 4. B 5. A
1. C 2.D 3.D 4.乙 5.一个

■Script
■剧本

Passage One
第一段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

My sister and I grew up in a little village in England. Our father was a struggling lawyer, but I always knew he was special. He never criticized us, but used praise to bring out our best. He’d say, “If you pour water on flowers, they flourish. If you don’t give them water, they die.”
我和姐姐在英国的一个小村庄长大。我们的父亲是一位苦苦挣扎的律师,但我一直都知道他很特别。他从不批评我们,而是用赞美来展现我们最好的一面。他会说,“如果你把水倒在花朵上,它们就会茁壮成长。如果你不给他们水,他们就会死。

I remember as a child I said something unkind about somebody, and my father said, “Any time you say something unpleasant about somebody else, it’s a reflection of you.” He explained that if I looked for the best in people, I would get the best in return. From then on I’ve always tried to follow the principle in my life and later in running my company.
我记得小时候我对某人说了一些不友善的话,我父亲说:“任何时候你对别人说一些不愉快的话,都是你的反映。他解释说,如果我在人们身上寻找最好的一面,我会得到最好的回报。从那时起,我一直试图在生活中遵循这一原则,并在以后经营我的公司时遵循这一原则。

Dad’s also always been very understanding. At 15, I started a magazine. It was taking up a great deal of my time, and the headmaster of my school gave me a choice: stay in school or leave to work on my magazine. I decided to leave, and Dad tried to sway me from my decision, as any good father would. When he realized I had made up my mind, he said, “Richard, when I was 23, my dad persuaded me to go into law. And I’ve always regretted it. I wanted to be a biologist, but I didn’t pursue my dream. You know what you want. Go fulfill it.” As it turned out, my little publication went on to become Student, a national magazine for young people in the U.K.
爸爸也一直很善解人意。15岁时,我创办了一本杂志。这占用了我大量的时间,学校的校长给了我一个选择:留在学校或离开去我的杂志工作。我决定离开,爸爸试图动摇我的决定,就像任何一个好父亲一样。当他意识到我已经下定决心时,他说:“理查德,当我23岁时,我父亲说服我进入法律行业。我一直很后悔。我想成为一名生物学家,但我没有追求我的梦想。你知道你想要什么。去实现它吧。事实证明,我的小刊物后来成为《学生》,这是一本面向英国年轻人的全国性杂志。

Now, my wife and I have two children, and I’d like to think we are bringing them up in the same way Dad raised me.
现在,我和我的妻子有两个孩子,我想我们以爸爸抚养我的方式抚养他们。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. What is the profession of the author’s father?
1. 作者父亲的职业是什么?

2. According to the author, why did he think his father was special?
2.据作者说,他为什么认为他的父亲很特别?

3. What principle does the author follow in his life?
3.作者一生遵循什么原则?

4. At the age of 15, what choice did the author have to make?
4.在15岁时,作者必须做出什么选择?

5. What did the author’s father do when the author had to make the choice?
5.当提交人不得不做出选择时,作者的父亲做了什么?

Passage Two
第二段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. division 2. elders
1. 分部 2.长者

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. D 2. A 3. B 4. B 5. A
1. D 2.一个 3.乙 4.乙 5.一个

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

A few years ago it was fashionable to speak of a generation gap, a division between young people and their elders. Parents complained that their children did not show them proper respect and obedience, while children complained that their parents did not understand them at all.
几年前,谈论代沟是时髦的,即年轻人和长辈之间的鸿沟。父母抱怨他们的孩子没有表现出应有的尊重和服从,而孩子则抱怨他们的父母根本不理解他们。

One important cause of the generation gap is the opportunity that young people have to choose their own life-styles. In more traditional societies, when children grow up, they are expected to live in the same area as their parents, to marry people that their parents know and approve of and often to continue the family occupation. In our society, young people often travel great distances for their education, move out of the family home at an early age, and choose occupations different from those of their parents.
代沟的一个重要原因是年轻人有机会选择自己的生活方式。在更传统的社会中,当孩子长大后,他们被期望与父母住在同一个地区,与父母认识和认可的人结婚,并经常继续家庭职业。在我们的社会中,年轻人经常长途跋涉接受教育,在很小的时候就搬出家门,选择与父母不同的职业。

In our modern society, parents often expect their children to do better than they did: to find better jobs, to make more money, and to do all the things that they were unable to do. But often they discover that they have very little in common with each other.
在我们的现代社会中,父母往往希望他们的孩子比他们做得更好:找到更好的工作,赚更多的钱,做所有他们做不到的事情。但他们经常发现他们彼此之间几乎没有共同点。

Finally, the speed at which changes take place in our society is another cause of the gap between generations. In a traditional culture, elderly people are valued for their wisdom, but in our society the knowledge of a lifetime may become obsolete overnight.
最后,我们社会发生的变化速度是造成代际差距的另一个原因。在传统文化中,老年人因其智慧而受到重视,但在我们的社会中,一生的知识可能会在一夜之间过时。

The best way to narrow the gap is that parents and children should be mutually respected.
缩小差距的最好方法是父母和孩子应该相互尊重。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. Which is the most important cause of generation gap according to the passage?
1、根据经文,代沟最重要的原因是什么?

2. What are children expected to do in a more traditional society?
2.在更传统的社会中,儿童应该做什么?

3. What are children NOT expected to do in our modern society?
3. 在我们的现代社会中,儿童不应该做什么?

4. What is the best way to narrow the gap?
4. 缩小差距的最佳方法是什么?

5. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
5.根据这段经文,以下哪项陈述是正确的?

Passage Three
第三段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. They will always be there for us.
1. 他们将永远在我们身边。

2. It’s cruel.
2.这很残酷。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. C 2. D 3. D 4. D 5. A
1. C 2.D 3.D 4.D 5.一个

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

A long time ago there was an apple tree. A little boy loved to play around it. He loved the tree and the tree loved him.
很久以前,有一棵苹果树。一个小男孩喜欢在它周围玩耍。他爱这棵树,树也爱他。

Time went by. The little boy no longer played around the tree.
时间流逝。小男孩不再在树上玩耍了。

One day, he came back and looked sad. “Play with me.” The tree asked. “I don’t play anymore.” The boy replied, “I need money.” “You can pick my apples and sell them.” The boy picked all the apples and left happily. He didn’t come back. The tree was sad.
有一天,他回来了,看起来很伤心。“和我一起玩。”树问道。“我不玩了。”男孩回答说:“我需要钱。“你可以摘我的苹果卖。”男孩摘了所有的苹果,高兴地离开了。他没有回来。这棵树很伤心。

One day the boy returned and the tree was excited. “Play with me.” The tree said. “My family needs a house. Can you help me?” “You can cut off my branches to build your house.” So the boy cut all the branches and left happily.
有一天,男孩回来了,树很兴奋。“和我一起玩。”树说。“我的家人需要一所房子。你能帮我吗?“你可以砍掉我的树枝来盖房子。”于是男孩砍掉了所有的树枝,高兴地离开了。

The tree was again lonely and sad. One summer the boy returned and the tree was delighted. “Play with me!” the tree said. “I want to go sailing. Can you give me a boat?” “Use my trunk to build the boat.” So the boy cut the tree trunk and went sailing.
这棵树又是孤独和悲伤的。有一年夏天,男孩回来了,这棵树很高兴。“和我一起玩!”树说。“我想去航海。你能给我一条船吗?“用我的行李箱造船。”于是男孩砍断了树干,开始航行了。

Finally, the boy returned after many years. “Sorry. I don’t have anything for you anymore”, the tree said. “I don’t need much now, just a place to rest.” The boy replied. “Good! Old tree roots are the best place to rest. Come here.” The boy sat down and the tree smiled with tears.
终于,这个男孩在多年后回来了。“对不起。我再也没有东西给你了“,树说。“我现在不需要太多,只是一个休息的地方。”男孩回答说。“好!老树根是休息的最佳场所。 过来。男孩坐了下来,树笑得含着泪水。

The tree is our parents. When we were young, we loved to play with them. When we grow up, we leave them, and only come to them when we need something or we are in trouble. But parents will always be there for us. You may think that the boy is cruel but that’s just how we are treating our parents.
这棵树是我们的父母。小时候,我们喜欢和他们一起玩。当我们长大后,我们会离开他们,只有在我们需要什么或遇到麻烦时才会来找他们。但父母将永远在我们身边。你可能认为这个男孩很残忍,但这就是我们对待父母的方式。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. When the boy needed money, what did the apple tree do to help him?
1.当男孩需要钱时,苹果树做了什么来帮助他?

2. When the boy needed a house, what did the apple tree do to help him?
2.当男孩需要房子时,苹果树做了什么帮助他?

3. When the boy needed a boat, what did the apple tree do to help him?
3.当男孩需要一艘船时,苹果树做了什么来帮助他?

4. What did the boy need at last?
4.男孩最后需要什么?

5. What does the apple tree represent in real life?
5.苹果树在现实生活中代表什么?

IV. Listening Skills for Understanding Paragraphs
四、理解段落的听力技巧

1. D 2. A 3. A
1. D 2.一个 3.一个

■Script
■剧本

A new study reports the common drug aspirin greatly reduces life threatening problems after an operation to replace blocked blood vessels to the heart. More than 800,000 people around the world have this heart surgery each year. The doctors who carried out the study say giving aspirin to patients soon after the operation could save thousands of lives. People usually take aspirin to control pain and reduce high body temperature. Doctors also advise some people to take aspirin to help prevent heart attacks. About 10 to 15 percent of these heart operations end in death or damage to the heart or other organs. The new study shows that even a small amount of aspirin reduced such threats. The doctors said the chance of death for patients who took aspirin would fall by 67%. They claimed this was true if the aspirin was given within 48 hours of the operation. The doctors believe aspirin helps heart surgery patients because it can prevent blood from thickening and blood vessels from being blocked. However, the doctors warned that people who have stomach bleeding or other bad reactions from aspirin should not take it after heart surgery.
一项新的研究报告称,常见的药物阿司匹林大大减少了手术后危及生命的问题,以替换阻塞的心脏血管。全世界每年有超过 800,000 人接受这种心脏手术。进行这项研究的医生说,手术后不久给患者服用阿司匹林可以挽救数千人的生命。人们通常服用阿司匹林来控制疼痛和降低高体温。医生还建议一些人服用阿司匹林来帮助预防心脏病发作。大约10%到15%的心脏手术以死亡或心脏或其他器官受损而告终。这项新研究表明,即使是少量的阿司匹林也能减少这种威胁。医生说,服用阿司匹林的患者的死亡几率将下降67%。他们声称,如果在手术后 48 小时内服用阿司匹林,这是真的。医生认为阿司匹林有助于心脏手术患者,因为它可以防止血液变稠和血管阻塞。然而,医生警告说,阿司匹林有胃出血或其他不良反应的人不应该在心脏手术后服用。

Questions 1 to 3 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 3 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. What is the finding of the new study of aspirin?
1. 阿司匹林新研究的发现是什么?

2. In what way can aspirin help heart surgery patients according to the passage?
2.根据经文,阿司匹林可以通过哪些方式帮助心脏手术患者?

3. What warning did the doctors give about the use of aspirin?
3. 医生对使用阿司匹林有什么警告?

. Learn English Through a Radio Program
V.. 通过广播节目学习英语

1. need better educations 2. cultural differences in parenting
1. 需要更好的教育 2.育儿文化差异

3. represents strength and power4. failed to meet her expectations
3. 代表力量和力量 4.没能达到她的期望

5. had a clear list6. her parenting methods
5. 有明确的清单 6.她的育儿方法

7. have low expectations8. this intense debate
7. 期望值低 8.这场激烈的辩论

9. not limited to Chinese families10. might not develop other skills
9. 不限于中国家庭 10.可能不会发展其他技能

■Script
■剧本

. Learn English Through Movies
VI.. 通过电影学习英语

1. vain 2. single3. expectation4. honor5. appreciate
1. 徒劳 2.单人间 3.期望 4.荣誉资质 5.欣赏

6. pain7. reply8. rejecting9. overcoming10. evident
6. 疼痛 7.回复 8.拒绝 9.克服 10.明显

■Script
■剧本

Unit 5 Pet Ownership
Unit 5 养宠物

I. Pre-listening Activities
一、聆听前活动

Part 1
第 1 部分

Part 2
第 2 部分

1. permit 2. everything 3. vet 4. requirements 5. expense 6. company
1. 许可证 2.一切 3.兽医 4.要求 5.费用 6.公司

■Script
■剧本

Do you want to keep an exotic pet? There are 6 points you should know.
你想养一只异国情调的宠物吗?您应该知道 6 点。

1. Find out about any laws pertaining to your chosen species, and whether or not you will need a permit.
1. 了解与您选择的物种有关的任何法律,以及您是否需要许可证。

2. Find out everything there is to know about the species you are thinking of. Buy a good care guide, talk to your vet, surf the Internet and contact other people who have the same pet to find out the pros and cons.
2. 找出关于你正在考虑的物种的所有信息。买一个好的护理指南,与你的兽医交谈,上网冲浪,并联系其他拥有相同宠物的人,以了解利弊。

3. It may be difficult to find a vet who has experience with exotic pets. Find out if there is one local to you.
3. 可能很难找到有外来宠物经验的兽医。看看你本地人是否有一个。

4. Exotic pets have specific dietary requirements, and may need to be fed with foods that you feel uncomfortable handling, such as frozen mice or live locusts.
4. 异国情调的宠物有特定的饮食要求,可能需要喂食您觉得不舒服的食物,例如冷冻老鼠或活蝗虫。

5. The cost of accommodation, food and vet bills is likely to exceed the initial price of the pet, so think carefully about whether you are prepared for the expense.
5. 住宿、食物和兽医费用可能会超过宠物的初始价格,因此请仔细考虑您是否准备好支付这笔费用。

6. Will your pet need company? Some species become stressed if kept alone, whereas others will prefer to be solitary.
6. 你的宠物需要陪伴吗?如果独处,有些物种会感到压力,而另一些物种则更喜欢独处。

II. Listening Tasks
二、听力任务

Task 1 Understanding News Reports
任务 1 理解新闻报道

News Item One
新闻项目一

1. B 2. B
1. 乙 2.B

News Item Two
新闻项目二

1. C 2. D
1. C 2.D

News Item Three
新闻项目三

1. A 2B 3. C
1. 一个 2B 3.C

■ Script
■ 剧本

News Item One
新闻项目一

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 和 2 将基于以下新闻。

More than 18 million of the UK’s pets could have a premature death because of their diet, thevetcharity PDSA warns. Like people, animals can suffer from obesity-related conditions such as arthritis, diabetes and heart disease. The way we treat our animals may be a reflection of the way we treat ourselves. According to the PDSA’s Elaine Pendlebury, studies have suggested that overweight owners are twice as likely to feed their pets table scraps. And they end up with overweight animals. Regular exercise is good for humans and pets. The charity’s website suggests that dog owners run and play games like “fetch” with their pets, but advises against throwing sticks as these might end up hurting the dog’s mouth. Cat owners should set time aside to play with their pets regularly and encourage them to “work” for their meals, by using toys that release food when pushed around.
超过1800万只英国宠物可能因为饮食而过早死亡,兽医慈善机构PDSA警告说。与人类一样,动物也可能患有与肥胖有关的疾病,如关节炎、糖尿病和心脏病。我们对待动物的方式可能反映了我们对待自己的方式。根据PDSA的伊莱恩·彭德尔伯里(Elaine Pendlebury)的说法,研究表明,超重的主人给宠物喂食餐桌残羹剩饭的可能性是其两倍。他们最终得到了超重的动物。定期运动对人类和宠物都有好处。该慈善机构的网站建议狗主人与宠物一起跑步和玩“取物”等游戏,但建议不要扔棍子,因为这些棍子最终可能会伤害狗的嘴。猫主人应该留出时间定期与宠物玩耍,并鼓励它们“工作”吃饭,使用玩具在被推来推去时会释放食物。

Questions:
问题:

1. What causes the premature death of the pets in UK?
1. 是什么导致英国宠物过早死亡?

2. In order to help overweight pets, what does the charity’s website suggest?
2. 为了帮助超重的宠物,慈善机构的网站有什么建议?

News Item Two
新闻项目二

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 和 2 将基于以下新闻。

The International Labor Organization (ILO) predicts global unemployment will worsen over the next two years. Emerging and developing countries will be hurt the most. This is according to an annual study released by the ILO called World Employment and Social Outlook—Trends 2016. The global financial crisis started in the United States with bank failures, defaults on home mortgages, and credit card payments. Many layoffs followed. It spread globally. The ILO predicts that more than 2 million more people will be out of work by the end of this year. That will mean 200.5 million unemployed worldwide by the end of 2016. Guy Ryder is ILO Director-General at their headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. He says the slow growth of the world economy is not creating enough jobs to reverse the increase in high unemployment in the world. Brazil, China and the oil-producing countries will be particularly hard-hit by the weakened job market, according to Ryder. The report says governments must make employment policies stronger and put in place protection for workers. They say more attention needs to be paid to helping people find decent work. This includes young people, women, the long-term unemployed, and the disabled.
国际劳工组织(ILO)预测,未来两年全球失业状况将恶化。新兴国家和发展中国家将受到最大的伤害。这是根据国际劳工组织发布的一项名为《2016年世界就业和社会展望——趋势》的年度研究得出的。全球金融危机始于美国,银行倒闭、住房抵押贷款违约和信用卡支付。随之而来的是许多裁员。它传播到全球。国际劳工组织预测,到今年年底,将有200多万人失业。这意味着到2016年底,全球将有2.005亿人失业。盖伊·莱德(Guy Ryder)是国际劳工组织瑞士日内瓦总部的总干事。他说,世界经济的缓慢增长并没有创造足够的就业机会来扭转世界高失业率的上升趋势。Ryder表示,巴西、中国和产油国将受到就业市场疲软的严重打击。报告称,政府必须加强就业政策,并为工人提供保护。他们说,需要更多地关注帮助人们找到体面的工作。这包括年轻人、妇女、长期失业者和残疾人。

Questions:
问题:

1. What’s the news report mainly about?
1. 新闻报道主要内容是什么?

2. How many people will be out of work in the world by the end of 2016 according to the ILO’s prediction?
2. 根据国际劳工组织的预测,到2016年底,世界上将有多少人失业?

News Item Three
新闻项目三

Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 至 3 将基于以下新闻。

At sunrise Friday, 1,500 vehicles began driving from camps north of Fort McMurray, Alberta to Canadian cities and towns further south. The drivers and passengers were escaping a raging forest fire that started on May 1 and quickly surrounded Fort McMurray. One driver told the Reuters news service the city looked like “a war zone”. When the wildfire started, many people fled their homes and moved to shelters set up north of the city. In all, over 80,000 people left Fort McMurray because of the fire. Canadian officials say at least 1,600 homes and buildings have been damaged or destroyed. People are also leaving the area north of Fort McMurray by airplane. About 8,000 people flew to the cities of Calgary and Edmonton on Thursday after roads were not safe enough for travel. Officials hope a similar number can leave on Friday. The wildfire covered an area of about 75 square kilometers on Tuesday. By Thursday, it had grown to 850 square kilometers. The fire can be seen from the International Space Station. It is not yet known how the fire started, but it has moved quickly because of winds, warm weather and dry conditions.
周五日出时,1,500辆汽车开始从阿尔伯塔省麦克默里堡以北的营地驶向更南边的加拿大城镇。司机和乘客正在逃离5月1日开始的熊熊森林大火,并迅速包围了麦克默里堡。一名司机告诉路透社,这座城市看起来像“战区”。当野火开始时,许多人逃离家园,搬到城市北部设立的避难所。总共有超过80,000人因火灾而离开麦克默里堡。加拿大官员说,至少有1,600所房屋和建筑物遭到破坏或摧毁。人们也乘飞机离开麦克默里堡以北的地区。周四,大约有8,000人飞往卡尔加里和埃德蒙顿市,因为道路不够安全,无法旅行。官员们希望周五能有类似的数字离开。周二,野火覆盖了约75平方公里的面积。到周四,它已经增长到850平方公里。从国际空间站可以看到大火。目前尚不清楚大火是如何开始的,但由于大风、温暖的天气和干燥的条件,火势迅速蔓延。

Questions:
问题:

1. What do we know about the forest fire from the news report?
1. 我们从新闻报道中对森林火灾了解多少?

2. How many people left Fort McMurray in total because of the fire?
2. 总共有多少人因为火灾离开了麦克默里堡?

3. Which of the following factors is not mentioned as the reason for the quick move of the fire?
3.以下哪些因素没有被提及为火势迅速移动的原因?

Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
任务 2:理解长时间的对话

Conversation One
对话一

1. D2. B3. D4. C5. A
1. D2.B3.D4.C5.一个

Conversation Two
对话二

1. A 2. C 3. A 4. B
1. 一个 2.C 3.一个 4.B

■Script
■剧本

Conversation One
对话一

W: OK. If you want to adopt an animal, first we need to know some references
W:好的。如果你想领养一只动物,首先我们需要知道一些参考资料
.

M: References? People we know?
M:参考资料?我们认识的人?

W: Friends, teachers…, we need to talk to some people about you. We want to be sure that you’re responsible and that you can take good care of an animal. Then you have to fill out this form about your family background.
W:朋友们,老师们......,我们需要和一些人谈谈你。我们希望确保您有责任感,并且您可以照顾好动物。然后,您必须填写有关您的家庭背景的表格。

M: Is that it?
M:是这样吗?

W: No, there’s more. We need to know about your history with animals. Have you ever owned an animal?
W:不,还有更多。我们需要了解您与动物的历史。你曾经养过动物吗?

M: Yes. We had a cat when I was eight years old. I love cats.
M:是的。我八岁的时候,我们养了一只猫。我爱猫。

W: Do you have any animals now?
W:你现在有动物吗?

M: Unfortunately, no.
男:很遗憾,没有。

W: We also like to know your reasons for wanting an animal.
W:我们也想知道你想要一只动物的原因。

M: Just to hold it and cuddle with it. Just to have it as a pet. I love animals.
M:只是抱着它,拥抱它。只是为了把它当作宠物。我喜欢动物。

W: Anything else?
W:还有别的吗?

M: To have a friend — a pal. You know, man’s best friend is dog.
M:有一个朋友——一个朋友。你知道,人类最好的朋友是狗。

W: And one thing more. If you’re under twenty-one years of age…
W:还有一件事。如果你未满二十一岁......

M: That’s me.
男:就是我。

W: Then an adult must sign for you.
W:那必须有大人帮你签字。

M: No problem. My parents will think it’s a good idea. I’ll back with them. Uh…if the real owners don’t come to claim Gemma…
男:没问题。我的父母会认为这是个好主意。我会和他们一起回来的。呃。。。如果真正的主人不来认领杰玛......

W: After forty-eight hours. But please call first.
W:四十八小时后。但请先打电话。

M: Thanks for your information and for being so helpful.
M:感谢您提供信息并提供帮助。

W: It’s my pleasure. Nice talking to you.
W:这是我的荣幸。很高兴和你说话。

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于您刚刚听到的对话。

1. Where does the conversation take place?
1. 对话在哪里进行?

2. What does the woman ask the man to do first?
2.女人要求男人先做什么?

3. Which of the following statements is NOT the reason for the man’s adoption of an animal?
3.以下哪项陈述不是该男子领养动物的原因?

4. According to the woman, how old can a person adopt an animal without adults’ guarantee?
4. 据这位女士说,一个人多大可以在没有成人保证的情况下收养动物?

5. If the real owner doesn’t claim the dog, when will the man formally adopt it?
5. 如果真正的主人没有认领狗,该男子何时正式领养它?

Conversation Two
对话二

W: It must be very difficult for dogs to live in cities.
W:狗在城市里生活一定很困难。

M: Why’s that?
M:为什么呢?

W: Well, most of them are locked up in apartments when their owners are away.
W:嗯,当他们的主人不在时,他们中的大多数人都被锁在公寓里。

M: That’ true. But there must be a lot of excitement for them sometimes too, when they are taken out for a walk. They can see all the people in the streets, and other pets, and all the interesting smells, especially from restaurants.
M:没错。但有时当他们被带出去散步时,他们也一定很兴奋。他们可以看到街上的所有人,其他宠物,以及所有有趣的气味,尤其是餐馆的气味。

W: Yes, I like pets. I think pets are good companies, especially to the lonely old people. They can help people to kill loneliness.
W:是的,我喜欢宠物。我认为宠物是很好的公司,尤其是对孤独的老人。它们可以帮助人们消除孤独感。

M: You’re right. I also like pets, but keeping pets costs time and money. I can’t afford either. So I give up keeping them.
M:你说得对。我也喜欢宠物,但养宠物需要时间和金钱。我也买不起。所以我放弃了保留它们。

W: Well, having a pet can limit your freedom truthfully. You can’t go out and leave your pet alone at home.
W:嗯,养宠物会限制你的自由。你不能出去把你的宠物一个人留在家里。

M: Really, sometimes you can ask your next door neighbor or friends to look after your pets.
M:真的,有时候你可以请隔壁的邻居或朋友照顾你的宠物。

W: It’s a good idea. Recently, I have heard that in major American cities, many people employ dog walkers to take their dogs out for some exercises.
W:这是个好主意。最近,我听说在美国各大城市,很多人都雇佣遛狗者带狗狗出去锻炼。

M: Some people do use dog walkers. Yes, I’ve seen that. One person is walking along with five or ten dogs at one time on leashes.
M:有些人确实使用遛狗器。是的,我已经看到了。一个人用皮带拴着狗绳,同时带着五到十只狗走路。

W: It must be quite a sight.
W:那一定是相当壮观的景象。

M: Absolutely, but it’s really a good job for those who love animals.
M:当然可以,但对于那些热爱动物的人来说,这确实是一份好工作。

Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
问题 1 到 4 基于您刚刚听到的对话。

1. Why is it difficult for dogs to live in cities according to the woman?
1.为什么狗狗在城市里生活很困难?

2. What is the advantage of keeping pets according to the man?
2.按照男人的说法养宠物有什么好处?

3. Why does the man give up keeping pets?
3. 为什么男人放弃养宠物?

4. Which of the following statements about dog walkers is NOT true?
4. 以下关于遛狗者的陈述中,哪一项是不正确的?

Task 3 Understanding Passages
任务 3 理解经文

Passage One
第一段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. Americans spent more money on their pets. 2. Petswelcome.com
1. 美国人在宠物身上花了更多的钱。2. Petswelcome.com

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. A 2. A 3. B 4. B 5. C
1. 一个 2.一个 3.乙 4.乙 5.C

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

The American Pet Products Association carries out a National Pet Owners Study every two years. The latest one shows that 71 million homes in the United States last year included a pet. That is 62 percent of all the homes in America. The study also showed that Americans owned more than 77 million dogs and more than 93 million cats.
美国宠物用品协会每两年进行一次全国宠物主人研究。最新的数据显示,去年美国有7100万个家庭养宠物。这占美国所有房屋的62%。该研究还显示,美国人拥有超过7700万只狗和超过9300万只猫。

The association’s market research shows that Americans spent more than 43 billion dollars on pets, pet products and pet medical care last year. And it expects that number to increase to 45 billion dollars by the end of this year, even with the current economic downturn
该协会的市场调查显示,美国人去年在宠物、宠物用品和宠物医疗上花费了超过430亿美元。它预计,即使当前经济不景气,到今年年底,这一数字也将增加到450亿美元
.

Bob Vetere is the president of the American Pet Products Association. He says the organization has seen fewer sales of pet supplies recently. But he says pet owners are spending their money on other things like medical services. He says people want to keep their pets healthy longer. And he says that special treatments developed in the past ten years are more costly than before.
鲍勃·维特雷(Bob Vetere)是美国宠物用品协会的主席。他说,该组织最近看到宠物用品的销售量有所减少。但他表示,宠物主人正在把钱花在医疗服务等其他事情上。他说,人们希望让他们的宠物保持更长时间的健康。他说,过去十年开发的特殊治疗方法比以前更昂贵。

Mister Vetere also says Americans are working longer hours and hiring people to care for their pets during the day. And, he says Americans are taking their pets with them on trips. That is easier to do these days because more hotels and vacation areas permit pets. For example, the website petswelcome.com lists more than seventeen thousand pet friendly hotels, campgrounds and beaches in the United States.
维特雷先生还说,美国人的工作时间更长,白天雇人照顾他们的宠物。而且,他说美国人带着他们的宠物去旅行。如今,这更容易做到,因为越来越多的酒店和度假区允许携带宠物。例如,该网站 petswelcome.com 列出了美国超过一万七千家宠物友好型酒店、露营地和海滩。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. According to the latest study, how many homes in the United States included a pet last year?
1. 根据最新研究,去年美国有多少家庭养宠物?

2. Compared with the cost of last year, how much will the cost of pets increase by the end of this year?
2、与去年相比,到今年年底宠物成本会涨多少?

3. What do American pet owners spend their money on recently?
3. 美国宠物主人最近把钱花在了什么地方?

4. How do Americans deal with their pets during the day?
4. 美国人白天如何对待他们的宠物?

5. Why can Americans take their pets with them on trips?
5. 为什么美国人可以带着宠物去旅行?

Passage Two
第二段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. choosing a pet 2. There are four types of pets mentioned in the passage.
1. 选择宠物 2.经文中提到了四种类型的宠物。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. C 2. C 3. B 4. B 5. D
1. C 2.C 3.乙 4.乙 5.D

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

Pets make great companions. The key to successful pet ownership is to find the types of pets that are right for you. There are many different types of pets. Whether you like dogs, cats, birds, fish, etc. you should choose a pet based on what sort of animal suits your personality and works best with your lifestyle needs.
宠物是很好的伴侣。成功养宠物的关键是找到适合您的宠物类型。有许多不同类型的宠物。无论您喜欢狗、猫、鸟、鱼等,您都应该根据哪种动物适合您的个性并最适合您的生活方式需求来选择宠物。

Dogs are one of the most popular types of pets. Dogs are loyal companions. They are trainable and have a lot of personality. Most dogs enjoy exercise and will help you exercise too, since you will need to walk them regularly.
狗是最受欢迎的宠物类型之一。狗是忠实的伴侣。他们是可训练的,并且很有个性。大多数狗都喜欢运动,也会帮助你锻炼,因为你需要定期遛狗。

Cats are also popular types of pets and are mainly appealing, because they don’t require a lot of maintenance. Most cats are very independent and prefer to be on their own most of the time.
猫也是受欢迎的宠物类型,主要吸引人,因为它们不需要大量维护。大多数猫都非常独立,大部分时间都喜欢独处。

Fish are quiet and serene pets. Although fish seem like very low maintenance pets, you should keep in mind that some fish do require a bit of work. It can be a challenge to maintain ideal conditions inside the tank and keep it clean. You’ll need to buy special filters and chemicals to maintain the correct water parameters in your tank and to get enough oxygen into the water.
鱼是安静祥和的宠物。虽然鱼似乎是维护成本非常低的宠物,但您应该记住,有些鱼确实需要一些工作。保持水箱内的理想条件并保持清洁可能是一个挑战。您需要购买特殊的过滤器和化学品,以保持水箱中的正确水参数,并使足够的氧气进入水中。

Birds make good companions and are fun to watch. Each bird has his own personality, but there are similarities in temperament and general behavior within species. You should decide what aspect of having a bird is most important to you.
鸟类是很好的伴侣,观看起来很有趣。每只鸟都有自己的个性,但物种内的气质和一般行为有相似之处。你应该决定养鸟的哪个方面对你最重要。

It is very important to realize that not all types of pets may be right for you.
重要的是要意识到并非所有类型的宠物都适合您。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. What is the key to successful pet ownership?
1. 成功养宠物的关键是什么?

2. According to the passage , which of the following statements is NOT true?
2.根据这段话,以下哪项说法是不正确的?

3. Why are cats one of popular types of pets?
3. 为什么猫是受欢迎的宠物类型之一?

4. What is the challenge for people to keep fish as pets?
4. 人们把鱼当作宠物饲养有什么挑战?

5. What is this passage mainly about?
5.这段经文主要讲什么?

Passage Three
第三段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. focus 2. regular
1. 专注 2.定期

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. C 2. B 3. C 4. A 5. D
1. C 2.乙 3.C 4.一个 5.D

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

Once you have adopted a virtual pet you need to focus on taking care of them just as if you would have a regular pet. They need love and care just as if they were a pet within your own home. No matter what type of pet you have, they are going to need someone to care for them and show them that they are wanted and loved. Many animals have passed away because they were not given any love, so you need to make sure you are prepared to care for them.
一旦你收养了一只虚拟宠物,你需要专注于照顾它们,就像你拥有一只普通宠物一样。他们需要爱和照顾,就好像他们是你自己家里的宠物一样。无论您拥有哪种类型的宠物,它们都需要有人照顾它们并向他们表明它们被需要和被爱。许多动物因为没有得到任何爱而去世,所以你需要确保你准备好照顾它们。

Another important thing that pets need is food and water. The right kind of food is very important and then finding that is a problem, as if you do not go in for the right thing then there could be a problem with the pets’ health, which can be very harmful in long run, so you need to be very careful about all this.
宠物需要的另一件重要事情是食物和水。正确的食物非常重要,然后发现这是一个问题,就像你不去买正确的东西一样,那么宠物的健康可能会出现问题,从长远来看,这可能是非常有害的,所以你需要非常小心这一切。

You are also going to need to make sure that you play with your pets and take them outside for walks. Every animal needs exercise to make sure they stay healthy and fit. Virtual pets need someone to take the time to play with them as well.
您还需要确保与宠物一起玩耍并带它们到外面散步。每只动物都需要锻炼,以确保它们保持健康和健康。虚拟宠物也需要有人花时间和它们一起玩。

If you have ever had an animal, then you know what that entails, but if not, there are plenty of discussion forums available to help you. You can chat with people who have a virtual pet and ask them what they do to care for their pets and how you can care for yours. You could always do proper research before you go into anything of this sort, so there are no problems with all this.
如果你曾经养过动物,那么你就会知道这意味着什么,但如果没有,有很多论坛可以帮助你。您可以与拥有虚拟宠物的人聊天,询问他们如何照顾宠物以及如何照顾您的宠物。在你进入任何此类事情之前,你总是可以做适当的研究,所以这一切都没有问题。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. What is the proper title for this passage?
1.这段经文的正确标题是什么?

2. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
2. 以下哪项陈述是正确的?

3. Which of the following tips is NOT mentioned in this passage?
3.这段经文没有提到以下哪项技巧?

4. Where can you get plenty of information on virtual pets?
4. 在哪里可以获得有关虚拟宠物的大量信息?

5. What is the suggestion given by the speaker?
5. 演讲者有什么建议?

IV. Listening Skills for Understanding Paragraphs
四、理解段落的听力技巧

1. D 2. A 3. C
1. D 2.一个 3.C

■Script
■剧本

When people care for an elderly relative, they often do not use available community services such as adult daycare centers. If the caregivers are adult children, they are more likely to use such services, especially because they often have jobs and other responsibilities. In contrast, a spouse, usually the wife, is much less likely to use support services or to put the dependent person in a nursing home. Social workers discover that the wife normally tries to take care of her husband herself for as long as she can in order not to use up their life savings. Researchers have found that caring for the elderly can be a very positive experience. The elderly appreciated the care and attention they received. They were affectionate and cooperative. However, even when care giving is satisfying, it is hard work. Social workers and experts on aging offer caregivers and potential caregivers help when arranging for the care of an elderly relative. One consideration is to ask parents what they want before they become sick or dependent. Perhaps they prefer going into a nursing home and can select one in advance. On the other hand, they may want to live with their adult children. Caregivers must also learn to state their needs and opinions clearly and ask for help from others especially brothers and sisters. Brothers and sisters are often willing to help, but they may not know what to do.
当人们照顾老年亲戚时,他们通常不会使用可用的社区服务,例如成人日托中心。如果照顾者是成年子女,他们更有可能使用此类服务,特别是因为他们经常有工作和其他责任。相比之下,配偶(通常是妻子)不太可能使用支持服务或将受抚养人送入疗养院。社会工作者发现,妻子通常会尽可能长时间地照顾丈夫,以免耗尽他们一生的积蓄。研究人员发现,照顾老人可能是一种非常积极的体验。长者感谢他们得到的照顾和关注。他们深情而合作。然而,即使护理是令人满意的,这也是一项艰苦的工作。社会工作者和老龄化专家在安排照顾老年亲属时为照顾者和潜在照顾者提供帮助。一个考虑因素是在父母生病或依赖之前询问他们想要什么。也许他们更喜欢去养老院,可以提前选择一个。另一方面,他们可能想和成年子女住在一起。照顾者还必须学会清楚地陈述自己的需要和意见,并向他人寻求帮助,尤其是兄弟姐妹。弟兄姊妹常常愿意帮忙,但他们可能不知道该怎么做。

Questions 1 to 3 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 3 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. Why are adult children more likely to use community services to help care for elderly parents?
1. 为什么成年子女更愿意使用社区服务来帮助照顾年迈的父母?

2. Why are most wives unwilling to put their dependent husbands into nursing homes?
2.为什么大多数妻子不愿意把受抚养的丈夫送进养老院?

3. According to the passage, what must caregivers learn to do?
3.根据这段经文,照顾者必须学会做什么?

. Learn English Through a Radio Program
V.. 通过广播节目学习英语

1. good food and medical care2. an unhappy existence
1. 良好的饮食和医疗 2.一个不快乐的生活

3. to be successful4. change the way
3. 成功 4.改变方式

5. guard this property6. appears to be mean
5. 保护此属性 6.似乎很卑鄙

7. their owners’ home8. their wedding anniversary
7. 主人的家 8.他们的结婚纪念日

9. leave things alone10. describe the weather
9. 别管事情 10.描述天气

■Script
■剧本

. Learn English Through Songs
VI.. 通过歌曲学习英语

1. break 2. sidewalk 3. around 4. point 5. lean
1. 休息 2.人行道 3.大约 4.第 5 点。瘦

■Script
■剧本

Unit 6 Keeping Fit
第 6 单元:保持健康

I. Pre-listening Activities
一、聆听前活动

Part 1
第 1 部分

Part 2
第 2 部分

1. less healthy 2. sleeping properly 3. mood change 4. mental illness
1. 不太健康 2.睡得好 3.情绪变化 4.精神疾病

■Script
■剧本

Most of those who diet know that foods like rice, bread, potatoes, cakes, sweets, fruits and some vegetables contain carbohydrates, and they can make one fat. What they do not realize, however, is that carbohydrates are our bodies’ main source of energy, and that these foods also contain components essential for the composition of substances that are needed to keep the body healthy. As a result, they try to avoid eating these foods, and consequently, they become weaker and less healthy. They begin to have difficulty sleeping properly and start to suffer from radical mood changes. In more serious cases, they even begin to show signs of mental illness.
大多数节食的人都知道,米饭、面包、土豆、蛋糕、糖果、水果和一些蔬菜等食物都含有碳水化合物,它们可以使人发胖。然而,他们没有意识到的是,碳水化合物是我们身体的主要能量来源,这些食物还含有保持身体健康所需的物质组成所必需的成分。结果,他们试图避免吃这些食物,因此,他们变得更虚弱,更不健康。他们开始难以正常入睡,并开始遭受剧烈的情绪变化。在更严重的情况下,他们甚至开始出现精神疾病的迹象。

Then you might ask just what a proper diet is. Well, simply expressed, a proper healthy diet is one that is well-balanced, or, in other words, one that includes enough but not too many of the kinds of foods that provide the body with the nutrients that it needs to function properly. The most important of these nutrients are the macronutrients: proteins, carbohydrates and fats. The body needs fairly large amounts of proteins and carbohydrates for building material and energy and it needs fat to keep it from the cold and to provide a protective layer for the organs, but only in small quantities.
那么你可能会问什么是适当的饮食。好吧,简单地说,适当的健康饮食是一种均衡的饮食,或者换句话说,包括足够但不过多的食物,为身体提供正常运作所需的营养。这些营养素中最重要的是宏量营养素:蛋白质、碳水化合物和脂肪。身体需要相当多的蛋白质和碳水化合物来建造材料和能量,它需要脂肪来抵御寒冷并为器官提供保护层,但数量很少。

II. Listening Tasks
二、听力任务

Task 1 Understanding News Reports
任务 1 理解新闻报道

News Item One
新闻项目一

1. C 2. B
1. C 2.B

News Item Two
新闻项目二

1. A 2. C
1. 一个 2.C

News Item Three
新闻项目三

1. A 2. C 3. D
1. 一个 2.C 3.D

■ Script
■ 剧本

News Item One
新闻项目一

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 和 2 将基于以下新闻。

An EgyptAir plane was hijacked Tuesday morning and forced to land in Cyprus, Egyptian officials said.
埃及官员说,周二早上,一架埃及航空公司的飞机被劫持,被迫降落在塞浦路斯。

The plane was set for the short flight from Alexandria to Cairo, about 180 kilometers away. It landed instead at Larnaca airport in Cyprus, about 540 kilometers northeast.
这架飞机是从亚历山大港到开罗的短途飞行,大约180公里外。它降落在塞浦路斯东北约540公里处的拉纳卡机场。

The hijacker, who held the plane and crew, threatened to blow up the plane, officials said.
官员们说,劫机者持有飞机和机组人员,威胁要炸毁飞机。

However, news sources said the hijacker said he wanted to speak to his former wife, who lives in Cyprus. The hijacker, identified as Seif el-Din Mustafa, later admitted that he did not have explosives.
然而,新闻消息人士称,劫机者说他想与住在塞浦路斯的前妻交谈。劫机者被确认为赛义夫·埃尔丁·穆斯塔法,后来承认他没有爆炸物。

The president of Cyprus told local media a “domestic issue” was behind the hijacking. The hijacker’s former wife was brought by local police to the airport to meet with him.
塞浦路斯总统告诉当地媒体,劫持事件背后是“国内问题”。劫机者的前妻被当地警方带到机场与他会面。

After the plane landed in Cyprus, video showed passengers walking down the plane stairs to a bus on the ground at Larnaca International Airport. Cyprus public television reported that the hijacker was a 27-year-old Egyptian. “He asked forpolitical asylum,” it said.
飞机降落在塞浦路斯后,视频显示乘客走下飞机楼梯,走到拉纳卡国际机场地面上的一辆公共汽车上。塞浦路斯公共电视台报道说,劫机者是一名27岁的埃及人。“他要求政治庇护,”它说。

Questions:
问题:

1. What is the news report mainly about?
1. 新闻报道主要内容是什么?

2. What is the result of the hijacking?
2. 劫持的结果是什么?

News Item Two
新闻项目二

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 和 2 将基于以下新闻。

Four public high schools named as the best in the United States have much in common. All four high schools have high academic requirements for students interested in admission. The four also offer a mix of challenging courses. And they all have a large percentage of Asian-American students.
四所被评为美国最佳公立高中有很多共同点。这四所高中对有兴趣入学的学生都有很高的学术要求。这四个课程还提供具有挑战性的课程。而且他们都有很大比例的亚裔美国学生。

The top schools were chosen by the Niche.com website. The top four schools are: Stuyvesant High School in New York City; High Technology High School in New Jersey; Staten Island Technical High School in New York City;and Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology in Virginia.
顶尖学校是由 Niche.com 网站选出的。排名前四的学校是:纽约市的史岱文森高中;新泽西州的高科技高中;纽约市史坦顿岛技术高中;和弗吉尼亚州的托马斯杰斐逊科技高中。

At the top four schools, officials say there is only one reason for so many students being Asian-American. The children who get into these top schools have many advantages. Going to school with so many gifted students can push teenagers to do their best. But it can also put students under a lot of pressure to keep up.
在排名前四的学校中,官员们表示,这么多学生是亚裔美国人只有一个原因。进入这些顶尖学校的孩子有很多优势。和这么多有天赋的学生一起上学可以促使青少年做到最好。但它也会给学生带来很大的压力,让他们跟上。

Questions:
问题:

1. Which of the following statements about the top four schools is NOT true according to the news?
1. 根据新闻,以下关于前四名学校的陈述中,哪一项是不正确的?

2. Why are there so many Asian-American students at the four top schools?
2. 为什么四所顶尖学校有这么多亚裔学生?

News Item Three
新闻项目三

Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 至 3 将基于以下新闻。

President Barack Obama’s three-day visit to Vietnam starts on Monday.
美国总统巴拉克•奥巴马(Barack Obama)对越南为期三天的访问将于周一开始。

His visit is expected to strengthen the growing economic and strategic relationship between the United States and Vietnam. The two sides were at war for more than 10 years.
预计他的访问将加强美国和越南之间日益增长的经济和战略关系。双方交战了10多年。

The economic relationship between the two began growing in 1995, after the former enemies reestablished diplomatic ties.
1995年,昔日的敌人重新建立外交关系后,两国之间的经济关系开始增长。

Vietnam now has higher levels of exports to the U.S. than any other member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). And American exports to Vietnam have grown sharply.
越南现在对美国的出口水平高于东南亚国家联盟(东盟)的任何其他成员国。美国对越南的出口急剧增长。

Vietnam is one of the 12 countries that signed the U.S.-led Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP). This has given Vietnam a trade advantage over other Southeast Asia countriessuch as Indonesia and Thailandwhich did not sign the agreement.
越南是签署美国领导的跨太平洋伙伴关系协定(TPP)的12个国家之一。这使越南比其他东南亚国家(如印度尼西亚和泰国)具有贸易优势,这些国家没有签署该协议。

Tuong Lai is a former aide to Vietnam’s prime minister. He said the “Trans Pacific Partnership is the key to helping Vietnam begin a new chapter and move away from China’s orbit.”
Tuong Lai是越南总理的前助手。他说,“跨太平洋伙伴关系是帮助越南开启新篇章并摆脱中国轨道的关键。

Questions:
问题:

1. What’s the purpose of Barack Obama’s visit to Vietnam?
1. 奥巴马访问越南的目的是什么?

2. Which country signed the U.S.-led Trans Pacific Partnership agreement according to the news?
2、据消息,哪个国家签署了美国主导的跨太平洋伙伴关系协定?

3. Why is the Trans Pacific Partnership important to Vietnam according to Tuong Lai?
3. 为什么《跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》对越南很重要?

Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
任务 2:理解长时间的对话

Conversation One
对话一

1. B 2. D 3. A 4. C 5. C
1. 乙 2.D 3.一个 4.C 5.C

Conversation Two
对话二

1. A 2. D 3. B 4. C
1. 一个 2.D 3.乙 4.C

■Script
■剧本

Conversation One
对话一

W: Could you give me something for the pain? I didn’t get to sleep until three o’clock this morning.
W:你能给我一些痛苦的东西吗?直到今天早上三点我才睡着。

M: Aspirin is the strongest medicine I can give you without a prescription.
男:阿司匹林是我不开处方就能给你的最强效药。

W: That isn’t strong enough, and I won’t have an appointment with my dentist until next week.
W:这还不够强,我下周才能和牙医预约。

M: Who is your dentist?
M:谁是你的牙医?

W: Dr. Gray.
W:格雷博士。

M: Doesn’t he have his office on the corner?
M:他的办公室不是在街角吗?

W: Yes, he does.
W:是的,他有。

M: Are you a regular patient?
M:你是普通病人吗?

W: Yes.
W:是的。

M: Oh. Then I can call him if you like. Dr. Gray will give me a pain prescription over the phone.
男:噢。如果你愿意,我可以打电话给他。格雷医生会通过电话给我开止痛药。

W: I’d appreciate that very much. Do you think that he’ll still be in his office?
W:我非常感谢。你认为他还会在他的办公室里吗?

M: Yes.
M:是的。

W: Good.
W:好的。

M: Too bad you can’t get an appointment sooner.
男:可惜你不能早点预约。

W: I know. Dr. Gray is always booked up though, I was lucky to get in as soon as 1 did.
W:我知道。不过,格雷博士总是被预订一空,我很幸运能一进去就进去。

M: In the meantime, be careful not to eat or drink anything too hot or too cold.
M:同时,注意不要吃或喝任何太热或太冷的东西。

W: I really don’t feel like eating or drinking anything at all.
W:我真的不想吃或喝任何东西。

M: Well, I’ll give Dr. Gray a call and we’ll see what we can do for you.
M:好吧,我会给Gray博士打个电话,我们看看我们能为你做些什么。

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于您刚刚听到的对话。

1. Where does this conversation most likely take place?
1. 这种对话最有可能发生在哪里?

2. Why will the man call Dr. Gray?
2. 为什么这个人会打电话给格雷博士?

3. What can we infer from this conversation?
3.我们可以从这段对话中推断出什么?

4. Which of the following statements is TRUE about the woman?
4. 关于这个女人,以下哪项陈述是正确的?

5. What does the man tell the woman not to do?
5.男人告诉女人不要做什么?

Conversation Two
对话二

W: Hello, Christophe. What are you doing this afternoon?
W:你好,Christophe。你今天下午在做什么?

M: Hi, Aiste. I think I’m going to run this afternoon.
M:嗨,Aiste。我想我今天下午要跑步。

W: To run? But it’s raining outside.
W:要跑?但是外面下雨了。

M: I don’t care. I love running in the rain, and I have to run because I am training for a marathon.
男:我不在乎。我喜欢在雨中跑步,我必须跑步,因为我正在为马拉松训练。

W: A marathon! Isn’t that like some 100 kilometers of running?
W:马拉松!这不就像跑了100公里吗?

M: Oh, no. A marathon is a race where you run 42 kilometers. It’s a long distance, so you need to train every day for it.
男:噢,不。马拉松是跑 42 公里的比赛。这是一段很长的距离,所以你需要每天为此训练。

W: So do you actually run 42 kilometers every day when training for it?
W:所以在训练的时候,你真的每天跑42公里吗?

M: Oh, no. Actually, a good preparation for a marathon is about 12 weeks of running, and you never run for 42 kilometers in one training. You never do this because it’s actually very bad for your body if you would do that, so you run a maximum, like 32 to 34 kilometers.
男:噢,不。实际上,马拉松的良好准备是大约 12 周的跑步,你永远不会在一次训练中跑完 42 公里。你从不这样做,因为如果你这样做,实际上对你的身体非常不利,所以你最多跑 32 到 34 公里。

W: Every day?
W:每天?

M: Not every day of course. I think, right now, I run about 80 kilometers a week.
M:当然不是每天都有。我想,现在,我每周跑大约80公里。

W: And how many marathons have you done already?
W:你已经跑了多少场马拉松了?

M: I’ve already run about four marathons, and now I’m preparing for my fifth marathon.
M:我已经跑了四场马拉松,现在我正在准备我的第五场马拉松。

W: What is that going to be like?
W:那会是什么样子?

M: Well, actually, I hope to run less than three hours. It’s quite fast. It’s like fourteen kilometers average during 42 kilometers.
M:嗯,实际上,我希望跑不到三个小时。这是相当快的。这就像 42 公里期间平均 14 公里。

W: Whoa! That sounds difficult. I’m not really into sports very much, so I think for me, even a five-minute run seems kind of difficult and requiring lots of endurance.
W:哇!这听起来很难。我不是很喜欢运动,所以我认为对我来说,即使是五分钟的跑步似乎也有点困难,需要很大的耐力。

M: Well, in the beginning, it’s hard maybe, but once you try running a little bit longer, you really start liking it, so I would recommend you to do one training with me and you start slow and then you build up slowly until you can run five, maybe ten kilometers, and then you will see, you will get addictedand you will love it too. I think in a couple of years, you will run your first marathon.
M:嗯,一开始,也许很难,但一旦你尝试多跑一会儿,你就会真正开始喜欢它,所以我建议你和我一起做一次训练,你开始慢慢训练,然后慢慢积累,直到你能跑五公里,也许十公里,然后你会看到, 你会上瘾,你也会喜欢它。我想再过几年,你就会跑出你的第一场马拉松。

W: Oh, that sounds great, but... I really don’t think it’s for me.
W:噢,听起来不错,但是......我真的不认为它适合我。

Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
问题 1 到 4 基于您刚刚听到的对话。

1. How long is a regular marathon according to the man?
1. 根据男人的说法,常规马拉松需要多长时间?

2. Why do people never run for 42 kilometers in one training?
2. 为什么人们从来不在一次训练中跑 42 公里?

3. What do we know about the woman from the conversation?
3.我们从谈话中对这个女人了解多少?

4. What does the man advise the woman to do to run her first marathon?
4. 男人建议女人做什么来跑她的第一场马拉松?

Task 3 Understanding Passages
任务 3 理解经文

Passage One
第一段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. This passage is about a study on breakfast.
1. 这段经文是关于早餐的研究。

2. People will probably lose more weight if they reduce other meals instead of breakfast.
2. 如果人们减少其他膳食而不是早餐,他们可能会减轻更多的体重。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. C 2. D 3. B 4. C 5. A
1. C 2.D 3.乙 4.C 5.一个

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

One recent study conducted in the United States tested a large number of people. Participants included both males and females who ranged in age from 12 to 83. During the experiment, these people were given a variety of breakfasts, and sometimes, they had to skip breakfast completely. Special tests, including blood tests and endurance tests, were to analyze how well the participants’ bodies functioned when they had eaten a certain kind of breakfast.
最近在美国进行的一项研究对大量人进行了测试。参与者包括男性和女性,年龄从12岁到83岁不等。在实验过程中,这些人被给予了各种各样的早餐,有时,他们不得不完全不吃早餐。特殊测试,包括血液测试和耐力测试,旨在分析参与者在吃某种早餐时身体机能如何。

The results showed that if a person eats an adequate breakfast, he or she will work more efficiently and more productively than if he or she skips breakfast or eats a very poor breakfast. This fact appears to be especially true if a person’s work involves mental activity. The study showed that if schoolchildren eat fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school, they will learn more quickly and will be able to concentrate on their lessons for a longer period of time than if their breakfast diet is inadequate.
结果表明,如果一个人吃了足够的早餐,他或她将比不吃早餐或吃得很差的早餐更有效率和更有成效。如果一个人的工作涉及心理活动,这一事实似乎尤其正确。研究表明,如果学童在上学前吃水果、鸡蛋、面包和牛奶,他们将学得更快,并且能够比早餐饮食不足时更长时间地专注于课程。

The study also showed that, contrary to what many people believe, if you skip breakfast, you will not lose weight. This is because people become so hungry if they skip breakfast that they eat too much for lunch and end up gaining weight instead of losing. So remember, if you are on a diet, skipping breakfast will not help you. You will probably lose more weight if you reduce your other meals.
该研究还表明,与许多人所认为的相反,如果你不吃早餐,你就不会减肥。这是因为如果人们不吃早餐,就会变得非常饥饿,以至于他们在午餐时吃得太多,最终体重增加而不是减轻。所以请记住,如果你正在节食,不吃早餐对你没有帮助。如果你减少其他膳食,你可能会减掉更多的体重。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. What kind of people participated in the study?
1. 什么样的人参与了这项研究?

2. What is the purpose of blood tests and endurance tests?
2. 验血和耐力测试的目的是什么?

3. What will happen if schoolchildren eat fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school?
3. 如果学童在上学前吃水果、鸡蛋、面包和牛奶会怎样?

4. Why skipping breakfast won’t help people lose weight?
4.为什么不吃早餐对人们减肥没有帮助?

5. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
5.根据这段经文,以下哪项说法是正确的?

Passage Two
第二段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. Three.
1. 三.

2. China, Russia and India.
2. 中国、俄罗斯和印度。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. D 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. D
1. D 2.C 3.乙 4.一个 5.D

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

Health experts predict that soon, more people will die from cancer than from AIDS, and tuberculosis combined. They expect that by 2010, cancer will become the world’s leading cause of death.
卫生专家预测,很快,死于癌症的人数将超过死于艾滋病和肺结核的人数总和。他们预计,到2010年,癌症将成为世界主要死亡原因。

Heart disease is the current leading killer. A World Health Organization report made the predictions in December.
心脏病是目前的主要杀手。世界卫生组织(World Health Organization)的一份报告在12月做出了这一预测。

Experts say one reason more people are dying from cancer is because more people are smoking cigarettes in developing countries. 40 percent of the world’s smokers are believed to live in China and India alone. Other things including high fat diets and reduced physical activity are also believed to be pushing the numbers upward. Rates of breast cancer in Japan, Singapore and South Korea are now 3 times what they were 40 years ago.
专家说,越来越多的人死于癌症的一个原因是,在发展中国家,越来越多的人吸烟。据信,世界上40%的吸烟者仅生活在中国和印度。其他因素,包括高脂肪饮食和减少体力活动,也被认为正在推动这一数字上升。日本、新加坡和韩国的乳腺癌发病率现在是40年前的3倍。

The World Health Organization report estimates that 12 million people will be found to have some form of cancer this year. It predicts that more than 7 million people will die early as a result of cancer. And more than 5 million of the new cancer cases will be in developing countries.
世界卫生组织的报告估计,今年将有1200万人被发现患有某种形式的癌症。据预测,将有超过700万人因癌症而过早死亡。超过500万例新的癌症病例将发生在发展中国家。

The number of cancer cases and deaths from cancer are expected to increase one percent each year. Experts are predicting the largest increases will be in China, Russia, and India.
癌症病例和癌症死亡人数预计将每年增加1%。专家预测,增幅最大的将是中国、俄罗斯和印度。

The American Cancer Society says governments can do things to help prevent the increase in cancer cases and deaths. One idea is to provide poor and developing nations with vaccines. Another suggestion is more supportive for tobacco-control programs. And the cancer society says health officials and governments should invest more in cancer research and early detection
美国癌症协会表示,政府可以采取措施帮助防止癌症病例和死亡人数的增加。一个想法是向贫穷和发展中国家提供疫苗。另一个建议是更支持烟草控制计划。癌症协会表示,卫生官员和政府应该在癌症研究和早期检测方面投入更多资金
.

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. What will become the world’s leading cause of death by 2010?
1. 到2010年,什么将成为世界主要死因?

2. According to the passage, what is the current leading cause of death?
2.根据这段经文,目前的主要死因是什么?

3. Why are more people dying from cancer according to experts?
3. 据专家称,为什么越来越多的人死于癌症?

4. According to the World Health Organization, how many people will be found to have some form of cancer this year?
4. 根据世界卫生组织的资料,今年将有多少人被发现患有某种形式的癌症?

5. What can governments do to help prevent the increase in cancer cases and deaths?
5. 政府可以做些什么来帮助防止癌症病例和死亡人数的增加?

Passage Three
第三段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. Sleep.
1.睡觉。

2. Three.
2. 三.

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. B 2. C 3. A 4. D 5. D
1. 乙 2.C 3.一个 4.D 5.D

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

Sleep is vital to good health and to mental and emotional well-being. If we don’t get enough sleep, our bodies and minds can’t function properly and it becomes difficult to achieve our goals that we have set to do. Plus, lack of sleep can negatively affect memory, learning, and logical reasoning.
睡眠对身体健康以及身心健康至关重要。如果我们睡眠不足,我们的身体和思想就无法正常运作,就很难实现我们设定的目标。此外,睡眠不足会对记忆、学习和逻辑推理产生负面影响。

How do you know if you have healthy sleep habits? It’s actually very simple. You just have to ask yourself a few questions. When you wake up in the morning, do you feel like you got a good night’s sleep? Do you get at least 5 to 8 hours of sleep a night? Do you feel awake all day long? If you answer yes to all of these, then you probably have very healthy sleep habits.
你怎么知道你是否有健康的睡眠习惯?其实很简单。你只需要问自己几个问题。当你早上醒来时,你觉得自己睡了个好觉吗?您每晚至少睡 5 到 8 个小时吗?你整天都清醒吗?如果你对所有这些回答都是肯定的,那么你可能有非常健康的睡眠习惯。

Establish a relaxing bedtime routine such as soaking in a warm bathtub, listening to soothing music or sipping a cup of relaxing herbal tea. With the relaxing before bedtime routine, it can help your body to ease all the tension you have and go to sleep easily.
建立放松的就寝时间,例如浸泡在温暖的浴缸中,听舒缓的音乐或啜饮一杯放松的凉茶。通过睡前放松的例行程序,它可以帮助您的身体缓解所有紧张情绪并轻松入睡。

Always follow a regular sleep schedule even during weekends — we must maintain a regular schedule for getting up and going to sleep, whether it would be weekdays or weekends. If you achieve a regular routine for sleeping, it will make you feel better.
即使在周末,也要始终遵循规律的睡眠时间表——无论是工作日还是周末,我们都必须保持规律的起床和睡觉时间表。如果你有规律的睡眠习惯,它会让你感觉更好。

Do not overeat before sleep and finish eating at least 2 or 3 hours before bed. You will feel less comfortable if you eat right before bed or having heavy meal before bedtime, It will cause indigestion and affect your sleep.
睡前不要暴饮暴食,睡前至少 2 或 3 小时吃完。如果你在睡前吃东西或睡前吃得很饱,你会感到不舒服,这会导致消化不良并影响你的睡眠。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT the negative effect of lack of sleep?
1.根据这段话,以下哪项陈述不是睡眠不足的负面影响?

2. Which of the following is a healthy sleep habit?
2. 以下哪项是健康的睡眠习惯?

3. What can people do to feel relaxed before bedtime?
3. 人们可以做些什么来在睡前感到放松?

4. What will happen if you eat right before bed?
4. 如果你在睡前吃东西会怎样?

5. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
5.根据这段经文,以下哪项说法是正确的?

IV. Listening Skills for Understanding Paragraphs
四、理解段落的听力技巧

1. C 2. C 3. A
1. C 2.C 3.一个

■Script
■剧本

Since early times, people have been fascinated with the idea of life existing somewhere else besides earth. Until recently, scientists believed that life on other planets was just a hopeful dream. But now they are beginning to locate places where life could form. In 1997, they saw evidence of planets near other stars like the sun. But scientists now think that life could be even nearer in our own solar system. One planet scientists are studying very closely is Europa, a moon of Jupiter. Space probes have provided evidence that Europa has a large ocean under its surface. The probes have also made the scientists think that under its surface Europa has a rocky core giving off volcanic heat. Water and heat from volcanic activity are two basic conditions needed for life to form. A third is certain basic chemicals such as carbon, oxygen and nitrogen. Scientists believe there might be such chemicals lying at the bottom of Europa’s ocean. They may have already created life or may be about to. You may wonder if light is also needed for life to form. Until recently, scientists thought that light was essential. But now, places have been found on earth that are in total blackness such as caves several miles beneath the ocean. And bacteria, primitive forms of life have been seen there. So the lack of light in Europa’s sub-surface ocean doesn’t automatically rule out life forming.
自古以来,人们就对生命存在于地球以外的其他地方的想法着迷。直到最近,科学家们还认为,其他星球上的生命只是一个充满希望的梦想。但现在他们开始寻找生命可能形成的地方。1997年,他们看到了太阳等其他恒星附近行星的证据。但科学家们现在认为,在我们自己的太阳系中,生命可能更接近。科学家们正在密切研究的一颗行星是木卫二,木星的卫星。太空探测器提供了证据,证明木卫二的表面下有一片广阔的海洋。这些探测器还让科学家们认为,在木卫二的表面下,有一个释放火山热的岩石核心。火山活动产生的水和热量是生命形成所需的两个基本条件。第三种是某些基本化学物质,如碳、氧和氮。科学家认为,木卫二的海底可能存在这样的化学物质。他们可能已经创造了生命,或者可能即将创造生命。你可能想知道生命的形成是否也需要光。直到最近,科学家们还认为光是必不可少的。但是现在,地球上已经发现了完全黑暗的地方,例如海底几英里的洞穴。在那里看到了细菌,原始的生命形式。因此,木卫二地下海洋中缺乏光线并不能自动排除生命的形成。

Questions 1 to 3 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 3 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. What did scientists once believe according to the passage?
1.根据这段话,科学家曾经相信什么?

2. What have scientists found about Europa, a moon of Jupiter?
2. 科学家对木星的卫星欧罗巴有什么发现?

3. What have scientists come to know recently about the formation of life?
3.科学家最近对生命的形成有什么了解?

. Learn English Through a Radio Program
V.. 通过广播节目学习英语

1. medical evidence2. many forms of cancer
1. 医学证据 2.多种形式的癌症

3. an eighty-three percent4. public health
3. 百分之八十三 4.公共卫生

5. excess risk6. smoking-related illness
5. 超额风险 6.吸烟相关疾病

7. secondhand smoke8. compares the risk
7. 二手烟 8.比较风险

9. a long-term study10. stronger standards
9. 长期研究 10.更严格的标准

■Script
■剧本

. Learn English Through Songs
VI.. 通过歌曲学习英语

1. burning 2. rejection 3. deserving 4. Patience 5. answer
1. 燃烧 2.拒绝 3.值得 4.耐心 5.答

■Script
■剧本

Unit 7 Fables and Fairy Tales
第七单元 寓言和童话

I. Pre-listening Activities
一、聆听前活动

Part 1
第 1 部分

Part 2
第 2 部分

1. lower self-images 2. scary 3. far removed
1. 降低自我形象 2.可怕 3.相距甚远

■Script
■剧本

Some studies have suggested that girls who read a lot of fairy tales or have a lot of them read to them have lower self-images than others. This could also be because of the conventional image of the princess — of being slim and beautiful and attracting men from around the world — like Sleeping Beauty, Bell from Beauty and the Beast, or Helen of Troy. Any of these emphasizes looks as the most important feature of those princesses. It can be damaging for the self-image of those girls who perhaps do not conform to the stereotype and are powerless to do anything about it.
一些研究表明,读了很多童话故事或有很多童话故事给她们听的女孩的自我形象比其他人低。这也可能是因为公主的传统形象——苗条美丽,吸引来自世界各地的男人——比如睡美人、美女与野兽中的贝尔或特洛伊的海伦。这些都强调外表是这些公主最重要的特征。这可能会损害那些可能不符合刻板印象并且无能为力的女孩的自我形象。

You also need to bear in mind that some fairy tales can be somewhat scary for young children and that they often contain quite horrific images and scenes. The wicked witch is a character who appears in many fairy tales and these are often portrayed in a scary way.
您还需要记住,有些童话故事对年幼的孩子来说可能有些可怕,而且它们通常包含非常可怕的图像和场景。邪恶的女巫是出现在许多童话故事中的角色,这些故事通常以可怕的方式被描绘出来。

Another problem that some might find with fairy tales is that they are often far removed from reality. Many women end up waiting out for their man that fits the image of “Prince Charming” and who will ride in on a steed and rescue them — whereas the reality is often a beer-guzzling sports fan.
有些人可能会发现童话的另一个问题是,它们往往与现实相去甚远。许多女性最终都在等待符合“白马王子”形象的男人,他会骑着骏马来拯救她们——而现实往往是一个喝啤酒的体育迷。

II. Listening Tasks
二、听力任务

Task 1 Understanding News Reports
任务 1 理解新闻报道

News Item One
新闻项目一

1. B2. C
1. B2.C

News Item Two
新闻项目二

1.C 2. A
1.C 2.一个

News Item Three
新闻项目三

1. B 2. B 3. D
1. 乙 2.乙 3.D

■ Script
■ 剧本

News Item One
新闻项目一

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 和 2 将基于以下新闻。

Fewer high school students in the United States were ready for college in 2015, say recent test results.
最近的测试结果显示,2015年美国准备上大学的高中生越来越少。

Only 37 percent of seniors scored at or above proficiency level in reading. The number of seniors scoring at or above the proficiency level for mathematics fell to 25 percent.
只有37%的高年级学生在阅读方面得分达到或超过熟练水平。数学水平达到或以上的高年级学生人数下降到25%。

The test is called the National Assessment for Educational Progress, or NAEP. The U.S. Department of Education has used this test to measure the ability of students in several subjects across the country since 1969.
该测试称为国家教育进步评估,或 NAEP。自 1969 年以来,美国教育部一直使用该测试来衡量全国多个科目的学生能力。

The Education Department collected the scores of 13,200 students for the 2015 mathematics test and 18,700 students for the reading test. The department released the results of those two tests in April.
教育署收集了13,200名学生参加2015年数学考试的分数,以及18,700名学生的阅读测试成绩。该部门在4月份公布了这两项测试的结果。

The results showed that average mathematics scores have changed little over the past 10 years. But they also showed the average reading score has decreased 5 points since 1992.
结果显示,在过去10年中,平均数学成绩变化不大。但他们也显示,自1992年以来,平均阅读分数下降了5分。

Questions:
问题:

1. How is American high school students’ proficiency level for mathematics in 2015?
1. 2015年美国高中生的数学水平如何?

2. What did the results of the two tests show?
2. 两项测试的结果显示什么?

News Item Two
新闻项目二

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 和 2 将基于以下新闻。

Businessman Donald Trump has become the de facto Republican Party presidential nominee after all other opponents withdrew from the competition.
商人唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)在所有其他对手退出竞争后成为事实上的共和党总统候选人。

Donald Trump has never held public office. When he announced his plan to run for president on June 16, 2015, few Americans considered him a serious candidate.
唐纳德·特朗普从未担任过公职。当他于2015年6月16日宣布竞选总统的计划时,很少有美国人认为他是一个认真的候选人。

He was the 12th person to enter the Republican contest. In all there were 17 candidates seeking that party’s presidential nomination. Trump was the best-known among Americans. He was the host of a TV reality show called, “The Apprentice,” for many years. The show had 28 million viewers in its first season. Trump has more than 7 million followers on the social media site Twitter.
他是第12位参加共和党竞选的人。总共有17名候选人寻求该党的总统提名。特朗普是美国人中最有名的。多年来,他一直担任电视真人秀节目“学徒”的主持人。该节目在第一季有 2800 万观众。特朗普在社交媒体网站Twitter上拥有超过700万粉丝。

Trump spoke about unemployment in the United States. He said China, Japan and Mexico had taken U.S. jobs. He criticized Mexico and other Latin American countries which he said were sending illegal immigrants to the United States.
特朗普谈到了美国的失业问题。他说,中国、日本和墨西哥已经抢走了美国的工作。他批评墨西哥和其他拉丁美洲国家,他说这些国家正在向美国输送非法移民。

Questions:
问题:

1. What happened when Trump announced his plan to run for president?
1. 当特朗普宣布竞选总统的计划时发生了什么?

2. Why was Trump the best-known candidate among Americans?
2. 为什么特朗普是美国人中最知名的候选人?

News Item Three
新闻项目三

Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
问题 1 至 3 将基于以下新闻。

Rescue crews in Nairobi have pulled a live baby from the wreckage of an apartment building that collapsed last Friday.
内罗毕的救援人员从上周五倒塌的一栋公寓楼的残骸中救出一名活婴儿。

Kenyan officials say the baby girl was found on Tuesday. She has no injuries, but needs food and water. Doctors are treating her for dehydration. The girl was identified as Dealeryn Saisi Wasike. She is almost six months old.
肯尼亚官员说,这名女婴于周二被发现。她没有受伤,但需要食物和水。医生正在治疗她的脱水。这名女孩被确认为Dealeryn Saisi Wasike。她快六个月大了。

On Monday, a 1-year-old girl was found in the collapsed building. She was also unharmed, but dehydrated.
周一,一名1岁的女孩在倒塌的建筑物中被发现。她也没有受伤,但脱水了。

Rescuers are still searching for other survivors. Officials say 23 people died in the apartment building collapse; 93 others were reported missing.
救援人员仍在寻找其他幸存者。官员们说,公寓楼倒塌造成23人死亡;另有93人据报失踪。

The building collapsed in Huruma, a crowded poor neighborhood in Kenya’s capital. The building fell down after heavy rains caused flooding and landslides in the area.
这座建筑在肯尼亚首都一个拥挤的贫困社区胡鲁马倒塌。大雨导致该地区发生洪水和山体滑坡后,该建筑物倒塌。

Officials had already declared the building unsafe. It was unclear why apartment residents had not left it.
官员们已经宣布该建筑不安全。目前尚不清楚为什么公寓居民没有离开它。

Policed detained the two owners of the building, as well as several government officials, after it collapsed.
大楼倒塌后,警方拘留了该大楼的两名业主以及几名政府官员。

Last year, eight buildings in Kenya collapsed. The Architectural Society of Kenya estimates that half the buildings in the country do not meet rules for building safety.
去年,肯尼亚有八座建筑物倒塌。肯尼亚建筑协会估计,该国有一半的建筑物不符合建筑安全规则。

Questions:
问题:

1. What happened in Nairobi last Friday according to the news?
1. 根据新闻,上周五内罗毕发生了什么?

2. How many babies were rescued according to the news?
2. 根据新闻,有多少婴儿获救?

3. Why did the residents refuse to leave the apartment after they had known the building was unsafe?
3. 为什么居民在知道建筑物不安全后拒绝离开公寓?

Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
任务 2:理解长时间的对话

Conversation One
对话一

1. A 2. C 3. B 4. D 5. D
1. 一个 2.C 3.乙 4.D 5.D

Conversation Two
对话二

1. B 2. D 3. C 4. C
1. 乙 2.D 3.C 4.C

■Script
■剧本

Conversation One
对话一

W: Excuse me, how can I join the library?
W:请问,我怎样才能加入图书馆?

M: Well, you need to make an application. Would you like to do it now?
M:嗯,你需要申请。你现在想做吗?

W: Yes, if I can.
W:是的,如果可以的话。

M: One moment and I’ll get the form. Now, I just need to ask you a few questions.
M:等一下,我拿到表格。现在,我只需要问你几个问题。

W: OK.
W:好的。

M: What kinds of books do you like to read? Here’s a list to look at.
M:你喜欢读什么样的书?这是一个要查看的列表。

W: Oh, it varies from time to time, but I always like to relax and learn about other countries I might visit one day. I don’t like anything too heavy or serious, unless it’s about animals or the environment. I’m not into sport very much.
W:噢,它不时变化,但我总是喜欢放松并了解我有一天可能会访问的其他国家。我不喜欢任何太沉重或严肃的东西,除非它与动物或环境有关。我不太喜欢运动。

M: Anything else?
M:还有别的吗?

W: Well, I do like entertaining at home, you know, dinner parties, so I suppose you’ll have something for me in that line. The pictures in those books always make me hungry, although they never seem to turn out exactly as they look in the books.
W:嗯,我确实喜欢在家里娱乐,你知道,晚宴,所以我想你会在那行为我准备一些东西。那些书中的图片总是让我感到饥饿,尽管它们似乎从未像书中那样出现。

M: Fine, I think that’s all I need now, except I need you to sign here on the application form. Oh, and I almost forgot, the membership fee is $30, which is refundable if you no longer stay a member.
M:好吧,我想这就是我现在所需要的,除了我需要你在申请表上签字。哦,我差点忘了,会员费是 30 美元,如果您不再是会员,可以退还。

W: There you are. Do I sign at the bottom here?
W:你来了。我在这里的底部签名吗?

M: Yes, that’s right. You can borrow books now if you wish, although your membership card won’t be ready until next week. So if you want to borrow today, you can pick up your card when you return your first books.
M:是的,没错。如果你愿意,你现在可以借书,尽管你的会员卡要到下周才能准备好。因此,如果您今天想借书,您可以在归还第一本书时领取您的卡。

W: I think I will, but I’ll have a look around first.
W:我想我会的,但我先看看。

M: Ok, take your time.
男:好的,慢慢来。

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于您刚刚听到的对话。

1. What does the woman want to do?
1.女人想做什么?

2. Which kind of books does she dislike?
2.她不喜欢哪种书?

3. What’s the membership fee of the library?
3. 图书馆的会员费是多少?

4. When will the membership card be ready?
4. 会员卡什么时候准备好?

5. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
5. 以下哪项陈述不正确?

Conversation Two
对话二

M: RepeatAfterUs.com is the brainchild of Ellie Wen. She’s sixteen years old, an eleventh grader at Harvard-Westlake School in Los Angeles. Ellie Wen says the idea came from her work each Friday with the children of Spanish-speakers at a community center on Skid Row, a rough area of the city.
M:RepeatAfterUs.com 是Ellie 温的心血结晶。她今年16岁,是洛杉矶哈佛西湖学校(Harvard-Westlake School)的十一年级学生。Ellie 温说,这个想法来自她每周五在Skid Row的一个社区中心与讲西班牙语的孩子们一起工作,这是一个城市的粗糙地区。

W: It was kind of sad to see how hard they were struggling to learn how to speak English. And I realized that not everybody has a parent to be there to help them speak, or learn how to speak English, and that with the Internet anybody can click on and learn for themselves.
W:看到他们努力学习如何说英语,我有点难过。我意识到,并不是每个人都有父母在那里帮助他们说话,或者学习如何说英语,而且通过互联网,任何人都可以点击并自己学习。

M: So you’ve got poems and you’ve got stories. What are some of the other kinds of texts you’ve got on your site?
M:所以你有诗,你有故事。您的网站上还有哪些其他类型的文本?

W: Well, my school community service director, Miss Jan Stewart, she gave me several great ideas, like including fairy tales. So now I have fairy tales and nursery rhymes and Aesop’s Fables and, like, Shakespeare’s soliloquies.
W:嗯,我的学校社区服务主任简·斯图尔特小姐,她给了我几个好主意,比如包括童话故事。所以现在我有童话故事、童谣、伊索寓言,还有莎士比亚的独白。

M: So how many people have visited your site so far?
M:那么到目前为止,有多少人访问过你的网站?

W: ... ooh, I think five-thousand... and... five-thousand-six-hundred or something like that.
W: ...哦,我想五千......和。。。五千六百或类似的东西。

M: And this has been since when?
M:这是从什么时候开始的?

W: Since August, because the site crashed, so we had to start all over again.
W:从八月份开始,因为网站崩溃了,所以我们不得不重新开始。

M: Oh, no!
男:噢,不!

W: Yeah!
W:是的!

M: You didn’t lose everything, though, did you?
M:不过,你并没有失去一切,是吗?

W: We lost like eighty percent of what we had.
W:我们损失了百分之八十。

M: So did you have to re-…
M:那你是不是要重新-...

W: I had to retype everything.
W:我不得不重新输入所有内容。

M: Oh, no!
男:噢,不!

W: But the recordings stayed, so that was good.
W:但是录音留了下来,所以这很好。

Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
问题 1 到 4 基于您刚刚听到的对话。

1. Why did the woman create the site?
1. 这个女人为什么要创建这个网站?

2. What texts have the woman got on her site?
2. 这位女士在她的网站上收到了哪些短信?

3. How many people have visited her site so far?
3. 到目前为止,有多少人访问过她的网站?

4. What happened after the site crashed?
4. 网站崩溃后发生了什么?

Task 3 Understanding Passages
任务 3 理解经文

Passage One
第一段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. The story is mainly about an old woman who used her wisdom to punish the greedy physician.
1.故事主要讲的是一个老妇人用自己的智慧惩罚了贪婪的医生。

2. At the old woman’s home.
2.在老太太的家里。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. C 2. B 3. A 4. D 5. C
1. C 2.乙 3.一个 4.D 5.C

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

An old woman having lost the use of her eyes, called in a physician to heal them, and made this bargain with him in the presence of witnesses: that if he could cure her blindness, he should receive from her a sum of money; but if her infirmity remained, she should give him nothing. This agreement being made, the physician time after time applied his treatments to her eyes, and on every visit took something away, stealing all her property little by little. And when he had got all she had, he healed her and demanded the promised payment.
一位老妇人失去了眼睛,请来了一位医生来医治眼睛,并当着证人的面与他做了这个交易:如果他能治好她的失明,他应该从她那里得到一笔钱;但如果她的病残仍然存在,她就不应该给他任何东西。达成这个协议后,医生一次又一次地对她的眼睛进行治疗,每次就诊时都会拿走一些东西,一点一点地偷走她所有的财产。当他得到她所拥有的一切时,他医治了她,并要求她支付应许的报酬。

The old woman, when she recovered her sight and saw none of her goods in her house, would give him nothing. The physician insisted on his claim and, as she still refused, summoned her before the judge. The old woman, standing up in the court, argued, “This man here speaks the truth in what he says; for I did promise to give him a sum of money if I should recover my sight, but if I continued blind, I was to give him nothing. Now he declares that I am healed. I on the contrary affirm that I am still blind; for when I lost the use of my eyes, I saw in my house valuable goods. But now, though he swears I am cured of my blindness, I am not able to see a single thing in it.”
老妇人恢复了视力,看到家里没有她的货物,就不给他任何东西。医生坚持他的要求,当她仍然拒绝时,将她传唤到法官面前。老妇人站在法庭上争辩说:“这里的人说的是实话;因为我确实答应过,如果我能恢复视力,就给他一笔钱,但如果我继续失明,我就什么都不给他。现在他宣布我痊愈了。相反,我肯定我仍然是盲人;因为当我失去眼睛时,我在家里看到了贵重的东西。但现在,虽然他发誓我的失明已经痊愈了,但我却看不到其中的任何东西。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. What’s wrong with the old woman?
1.老太太怎么了?

2. During the treatments, what did the physician do?
2. 在治疗过程中,医生做了什么?

3. What happened to the old woman at last?
3.老妇人最后怎么样了?

4. Who did they find to solve the dispute?
4. 他们找谁来解决纠纷?

5. What will the physician most likely get from the old woman?
5.医生最有可能从老妇人那里得到什么?

Passage Two
第二段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. The king wanted to teach people to help others.
1. 国王想教人们帮助别人。

2. One.
2. 一.

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

1. D 2. B 3. B 4. C 5. A
1. D 2.乙 3.乙 4.C 5.一个

■Script
■剧本

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

Once a king had a great highway built for the members of his kingdom. After it was completed but before it was opened to the public, the king decided to have a contest. He invited as many as desired to participate. Their challenge was to see who could travel the highway the best.
从前,一位国王为他的王国成员建造了一条伟大的高速公路。在它完成之后,但在向公众开放之前,国王决定举办一场比赛。他邀请了尽可能多的人参加。他们的挑战是看谁能最好地在高速公路上行驶。

On the day of the contest the people came. Some of them had fine clothes. Some had great food, and some young men ran along the highway. People traveled the highway all day, but each one, when he arrived at the end of the highway, complained to the king that there was a large pile of rocks and debris left on the road at one spot. The rocks and debris got in their way and hindered their travel.
比赛那天,人们来了。他们中的一些人穿着精美的衣服。有些人吃得很饱,有些年轻人在高速公路上奔跑。人们在公路上行驶了一整天,但当他到达公路尽头时,每个人都向国王抱怨说,在一个地方,路上留下了一大堆石头和碎片。岩石和碎片挡住了他们的路,阻碍了他们的旅行。

At the end of the day, a lone traveler crossed the finish line and walked over to the king. He was tired and dirty, but he addressed the king with great respect and handed him a bag of gold.
在一天结束时,一个孤独的旅行者越过终点线,走到国王身边。他又累又脏,但他非常尊重国王,并递给他一袋金子。

He explained, “I stopped along the way to clear a pile of rocks and debris that was blocking the road. This bag of gold was under them. I want you to return it to its owner.”
他解释说:“我在路上停下来清理一堆挡住道路的岩石和碎片。这袋金子就在他们下面。我要你把它还给它的主人。

The king replied, “You are the owner.”
“国王回答说:”你是主人。

The traveler replied, “Oh no, this is not mine. I’ve never had such money.”
旅行者回答说:“哦,不,这不是我的。我从来没有过这样的钱。

“Oh yes,” said the king, “you’ve earned this gold, for you won my contest. He who travels the road best is he who makes the road smoother for those who will follow.”
“哦,是的,”国王说,“你赢得了这枚金牌,因为你赢得了我的比赛。谁走得最好,谁就使那些将要跟随的人的道路更平坦。

Listening for specific information
监听特定信息

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题 1 到 5 基于你刚才听到的经文。

1. What did the king build?
1. 国王建造了什么?

2. What did people complain about when they arrived at the end of the highway?
2. 当人们到达高速公路尽头时,他们抱怨什么?

3. What did the lone traveler do?
3. 孤独的旅行者做了什么?

4. Who got the bag of gold at last?
4. 谁最后拿到了那袋金子?

5. What did the king mean by his last sentence?
5.国王最后一句话是什么意思?

Passage Three
第三段

Listening for general comprehension
听力以获得一般理解

1. paid any attention
1.注意